Coalgebraic games have been recently introduced as a generalization of Conway games and other notions of games arising in different contexts. Using coalgebraic methods, games can be viewed as elements of a final coalgebra for a suitable functor, and operations on games can be analyzed in terms of (generalized) coiteration schemata. Coalgebraic games are sequential in nature, i.e. at each step either the Left (L) or the Right (R) player moves (global polarization), moreover only a single move can be performed at each step. Recently, in the context of Game Semantics, concurrent games have been introduced, where global polarization is abandoned, and multiple moves are allowed. In this paper, we introduce coalgebraic multigames, which are situated half-way between traditional sequential games and concurrent games: global polarization is still present, however multiple moves are possible at each step, i.e. a team of L/R players moves in parallel. Coalgebraic operations, such as sum and negation, can be naturally defined on multigames. Interestingly, sum on coalgebraic multigames turns out to be related to Conway's selective sum on games, rather than the usual (sequential) disjoint sum. Selective sum has a parallel nature, in that at each step the current player performs a move in at least one component of the sum game, while on disjoint sum the current player performs a move in exactly one component at each step. A monoidal closed category of coalgebraic multigames in the vein of a Joyal category of Conway games is then built. The relationship between coalgebraic multigames and games is then formalized via an equivalence of the multigame category and a monoidal closed category of coalgebraic games where tensor is selective sum.

### Coalgebraic Multigames

#### Abstract

Coalgebraic games have been recently introduced as a generalization of Conway games and other notions of games arising in different contexts. Using coalgebraic methods, games can be viewed as elements of a final coalgebra for a suitable functor, and operations on games can be analyzed in terms of (generalized) coiteration schemata. Coalgebraic games are sequential in nature, i.e. at each step either the Left (L) or the Right (R) player moves (global polarization), moreover only a single move can be performed at each step. Recently, in the context of Game Semantics, concurrent games have been introduced, where global polarization is abandoned, and multiple moves are allowed. In this paper, we introduce coalgebraic multigames, which are situated half-way between traditional sequential games and concurrent games: global polarization is still present, however multiple moves are possible at each step, i.e. a team of L/R players moves in parallel. Coalgebraic operations, such as sum and negation, can be naturally defined on multigames. Interestingly, sum on coalgebraic multigames turns out to be related to Conway's selective sum on games, rather than the usual (sequential) disjoint sum. Selective sum has a parallel nature, in that at each step the current player performs a move in at least one component of the sum game, while on disjoint sum the current player performs a move in exactly one component at each step. A monoidal closed category of coalgebraic multigames in the vein of a Joyal category of Conway games is then built. The relationship between coalgebraic multigames and games is then formalized via an equivalence of the multigame category and a monoidal closed category of coalgebraic games where tensor is selective sum.
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2014
9783662441237
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1039362`
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