Water shortage (WS) during growing of Vitis vinifera L. can limit shoot growth and affect yield and fruit quality, as well as allocation of carbon reserves into perennial organs for the upcoming years. Varietal anatomical differences, such as specific mean xylem vessel diameter in petiole, are expected to influence water transport in canes facing water limitation. Several authors have also evidenced that non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) of adjacent living parenchyma are involved in the repair mechanism of embolized vessels. In this work, we evaluated NSC level and xylem anatomy in petiole of Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah varieties, subjected to WS and subsequent water refilling in the summer of 2017. The anatomical analysis highlighted that Syrah had high frequency of classes of large vessels, and that the xylem differentiation of vascular bundles was also affected by WS. Moreover, petiole NSC content was significantly influenced by WS and recovery, supporting the hypothesis that starch mobilization was associated to an elevated concentration in soluble NSC. This effect was determinant for Cabernet Sauvignon, whose stress response seemed to be based mainly on NSC metabolism. Finally, Syrah, differently to Cabernet Sauvignon, sustained the WS-induced increase in soluble NSC of petiole also 18 h after re-watering.

Investigation of non-structural carbohydrates and xylem anatomy in petiole of grapevine varieties during water limitation and after re-irrigation

Marco Vuerich;Francesco Boscutti;Enrico Braidot;Alberto Calderan;Valentino Casolo;Rachele Falchi;Antonio Filippi;José Carlos Herrera;Enrico Peterlunger;Elisa Petrussa;Marco Zancani;Paolo Sivilotti
2019-01-01

Abstract

Water shortage (WS) during growing of Vitis vinifera L. can limit shoot growth and affect yield and fruit quality, as well as allocation of carbon reserves into perennial organs for the upcoming years. Varietal anatomical differences, such as specific mean xylem vessel diameter in petiole, are expected to influence water transport in canes facing water limitation. Several authors have also evidenced that non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) of adjacent living parenchyma are involved in the repair mechanism of embolized vessels. In this work, we evaluated NSC level and xylem anatomy in petiole of Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah varieties, subjected to WS and subsequent water refilling in the summer of 2017. The anatomical analysis highlighted that Syrah had high frequency of classes of large vessels, and that the xylem differentiation of vascular bundles was also affected by WS. Moreover, petiole NSC content was significantly influenced by WS and recovery, supporting the hypothesis that starch mobilization was associated to an elevated concentration in soluble NSC. This effect was determinant for Cabernet Sauvignon, whose stress response seemed to be based mainly on NSC metabolism. Finally, Syrah, differently to Cabernet Sauvignon, sustained the WS-induced increase in soluble NSC of petiole also 18 h after re-watering.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1168239
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