Objective: We aimed to describe the incidence of epileptic seizures in children with brain tumours, risk factors related, the seizure treatments and the withdrawal of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Methods: Case note review of 120 newly diagnosed brain tumour patients referred between 01/2010 and 12/ 2014 to the regional paediatric cancer service was carried out to determine patient tumour and seizure characteristics, AED treatments and outcomes. Results: We excluded 2 patients because of previous long history of seizure in tuberous sclerosis and 1 patient has been lost in follow up. 67/117 were male (57.3%), median age at tumour presentation was 8.1 years (IQR 25°: 3.6-12.7). The median follow up was 33 months (IQR 25°: 24-56). 29.2% experienced seizures. Risk factors for seizures were cerebral localisation in logistic regression analysis (OR: 7.07 IC 95% 2.89-17.3). Neither age at diagnosis nor tumour type were associated with seizure risk. The epilepsy follow up at a median of 24 months (IQR25°: 15-48) demonstrated that 37.1% were seizure free (SF) off AEDs, 42.9% were SF on AEDs and 20% experienced refractory epilepsy. The most of them had a single seizure episode (62.9%). 12 patients withdraw AED. The median duration of AED before withdrawal was 11 months (IQR25° 5-14 months), and the median follow up after withdrawal was 15 months (IQR25° 5-34 months). 4 children had seizure relapse after further acute events (2 hadacute hydrocephalus, 1 had sepsis, 1 had ventriculitis after shunt revision). Only 1 patient did not have AED at diagnosis of epilepsy. Conclusion: Epileptic seizures affect about 1/3rd of children presenting with brain tumours, most commonly in corticallylocated tumours. The low risk of recurrent seizures after treatment justifies early withdrawal of AED after seizures stabilisation. A 3 month seizure free interval prior to AED withdrawal is proposed for future studies.

Paediatric brain tumour and seizure: analysis of cohort characteristics and their treatments

pilotto chiara;
2017

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to describe the incidence of epileptic seizures in children with brain tumours, risk factors related, the seizure treatments and the withdrawal of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Methods: Case note review of 120 newly diagnosed brain tumour patients referred between 01/2010 and 12/ 2014 to the regional paediatric cancer service was carried out to determine patient tumour and seizure characteristics, AED treatments and outcomes. Results: We excluded 2 patients because of previous long history of seizure in tuberous sclerosis and 1 patient has been lost in follow up. 67/117 were male (57.3%), median age at tumour presentation was 8.1 years (IQR 25°: 3.6-12.7). The median follow up was 33 months (IQR 25°: 24-56). 29.2% experienced seizures. Risk factors for seizures were cerebral localisation in logistic regression analysis (OR: 7.07 IC 95% 2.89-17.3). Neither age at diagnosis nor tumour type were associated with seizure risk. The epilepsy follow up at a median of 24 months (IQR25°: 15-48) demonstrated that 37.1% were seizure free (SF) off AEDs, 42.9% were SF on AEDs and 20% experienced refractory epilepsy. The most of them had a single seizure episode (62.9%). 12 patients withdraw AED. The median duration of AED before withdrawal was 11 months (IQR25° 5-14 months), and the median follow up after withdrawal was 15 months (IQR25° 5-34 months). 4 children had seizure relapse after further acute events (2 hadacute hydrocephalus, 1 had sepsis, 1 had ventriculitis after shunt revision). Only 1 patient did not have AED at diagnosis of epilepsy. Conclusion: Epileptic seizures affect about 1/3rd of children presenting with brain tumours, most commonly in corticallylocated tumours. The low risk of recurrent seizures after treatment justifies early withdrawal of AED after seizures stabilisation. A 3 month seizure free interval prior to AED withdrawal is proposed for future studies.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2017-Developmental_Medicine_%26_Child_Neurology.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Abstract
Licenza: Non pubblico
Dimensione 276.73 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
276.73 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1130788
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact