The multifaceted nature of climate change is increasing the urgency to select resilient grapevine varieties, or generate new, fitter cultivars, to withstand a multitude of new challenging conditions. The attainment of this goal is hindered by the limiting pace of traditional breeding approaches, which require decades to result in new selections. On the other hand, marker-assisted breeding has proved useful when it comes to traits governed by one or few genes with great effects on the phenotype, but its efficacy is still restricted for complex traits controlled by many loci. On these premises, innovative strategies are emerging which could help guide selection, taking advantage of the genetic diversity within the Vitis genus in its entirety. Multiple germplasm collections are also available as a source of genetic material for the introgression of alleles of interest via adapted and pioneering transformation protocols, which present themselves as promising tools for future applications on a notably recalcitrant species such as grapevine. Genome editing intersects both these strategies, not only by being an alternative to obtain focused changes in a relatively rapid way, but also by supporting a fine-tuning of new genotypes developed with other methods. A review on the state of the art concerning the available genetic resources and the possibilities of use of innovative techniques in aid of selection is presented here to support the production of climate-smart grapevine genotypes.

Boosting grapevine breeding for climate-smart viticulture: from genetic resources to predictive genomics

De Rosa V.;Falchi R.;De Paoli E.
2023-01-01

Abstract

The multifaceted nature of climate change is increasing the urgency to select resilient grapevine varieties, or generate new, fitter cultivars, to withstand a multitude of new challenging conditions. The attainment of this goal is hindered by the limiting pace of traditional breeding approaches, which require decades to result in new selections. On the other hand, marker-assisted breeding has proved useful when it comes to traits governed by one or few genes with great effects on the phenotype, but its efficacy is still restricted for complex traits controlled by many loci. On these premises, innovative strategies are emerging which could help guide selection, taking advantage of the genetic diversity within the Vitis genus in its entirety. Multiple germplasm collections are also available as a source of genetic material for the introgression of alleles of interest via adapted and pioneering transformation protocols, which present themselves as promising tools for future applications on a notably recalcitrant species such as grapevine. Genome editing intersects both these strategies, not only by being an alternative to obtain focused changes in a relatively rapid way, but also by supporting a fine-tuning of new genotypes developed with other methods. A review on the state of the art concerning the available genetic resources and the possibilities of use of innovative techniques in aid of selection is presented here to support the production of climate-smart grapevine genotypes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1270784
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