The characterization of regimes at an active volcano starts from a phase of data reduction, when spectral, dynamical and/or stochastic parameters can be computed on successive time windows which duration determines a new time scale, that typically goes from seconds to hours. The resulting parameter vectors (also called feature vectors) can then be used to try to automatically classify the different phases of the volcanic activity, possibly also looking for precursors. This classification can be done using many possible approaches, most of them using "machines" than have to be trained before they can be applied to classify data. The training procedure can in turn be supervised or unsupervised. In this talk we present the approach of Self Organizing Maps (SOM for short), an example of unsupervised machine, together with case studies of application to volcanic tremor recorded at Raoul Island and Ruapehu volcanoes in New Zealand.

Application of Self Organizing Maps to the characterization of volcanic regimes

CARNIEL, Roberto;MALISAN, Petra;
2008

Abstract

The characterization of regimes at an active volcano starts from a phase of data reduction, when spectral, dynamical and/or stochastic parameters can be computed on successive time windows which duration determines a new time scale, that typically goes from seconds to hours. The resulting parameter vectors (also called feature vectors) can then be used to try to automatically classify the different phases of the volcanic activity, possibly also looking for precursors. This classification can be done using many possible approaches, most of them using "machines" than have to be trained before they can be applied to classify data. The training procedure can in turn be supervised or unsupervised. In this talk we present the approach of Self Organizing Maps (SOM for short), an example of unsupervised machine, together with case studies of application to volcanic tremor recorded at Raoul Island and Ruapehu volcanoes in New Zealand.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/855191
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