In our previous work [4] we proved a bound for gcd(u - 1, v - 1), for S-units u, v of a function field in characteristic zero. This generalized an analogous bound holding over number fields, proved in [3]. As pointed out by Silverman [15], the exact analogue does not work for function fields in positive characteristic. In the present work, we investigate possible extensions in that direction; it turns out that under suitable assumptions some of the results still hold. For instance we prove Theorems 2 and 3 below, from which we deduce in particular a new proof of Weil's bound for the number of rational points on a curve over finite fields (see §4). When the genus of the curve is large compared to the characteristic, we can even go beyond it. What seems a new feature is the analogy with the characteristic zero case, which admitted applications to apparently distant problems. © European Mathematical Society 2013.

Greatest common divisors of u−1, v−1 in positive characteristic and rational points on curves over finite fields

CORVAJA, Pietro;
2013

Abstract

In our previous work [4] we proved a bound for gcd(u - 1, v - 1), for S-units u, v of a function field in characteristic zero. This generalized an analogous bound holding over number fields, proved in [3]. As pointed out by Silverman [15], the exact analogue does not work for function fields in positive characteristic. In the present work, we investigate possible extensions in that direction; it turns out that under suitable assumptions some of the results still hold. For instance we prove Theorems 2 and 3 below, from which we deduce in particular a new proof of Weil's bound for the number of rational points on a curve over finite fields (see §4). When the genus of the curve is large compared to the characteristic, we can even go beyond it. What seems a new feature is the analogy with the characteristic zero case, which admitted applications to apparently distant problems. © European Mathematical Society 2013.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1040375
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