The effect of two ripening times (12 or 16 months) on the chemical, physical, volatile and sensorial properties of Biceps femoris (BF) and Semimembranosus (SM) muscles of Kraski prsut, was studied. Both muscles showed lower water content and higher proteolysis index at 16 than at 12 months. BF had lower lipid contents and higher moisture, salt percentage and proteolysis index than SM. In SM, a decrease of MUFA with time was observed. A higher quantity of total fatty acids was observed for SM than for BF. General increases in hardness, cohesiveness, chewiness and gumminess were observed over time in both muscles. Higher values of force decay coefficient and lower values of hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess and chewiness were found for BF than for SM. Eighty-seven volatile compounds were tentatively identified in both muscles and were more abundant at 16 than at 12 months. Aldehydes were the predominant group followed by acids, alcohols, esters, hydrocarbons, ketones and furans.

The effect of ripening time on the chemical, textural, volatile and sensorial traits of Bicep femoris and Semimembranosus muscles of the Slovenian dry-cured ham Kraški pršut

PIASENTIER, Edi;
2015-01-01

Abstract

The effect of two ripening times (12 or 16 months) on the chemical, physical, volatile and sensorial properties of Biceps femoris (BF) and Semimembranosus (SM) muscles of Kraski prsut, was studied. Both muscles showed lower water content and higher proteolysis index at 16 than at 12 months. BF had lower lipid contents and higher moisture, salt percentage and proteolysis index than SM. In SM, a decrease of MUFA with time was observed. A higher quantity of total fatty acids was observed for SM than for BF. General increases in hardness, cohesiveness, chewiness and gumminess were observed over time in both muscles. Higher values of force decay coefficient and lower values of hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess and chewiness were found for BF than for SM. Eighty-seven volatile compounds were tentatively identified in both muscles and were more abundant at 16 than at 12 months. Aldehydes were the predominant group followed by acids, alcohols, esters, hydrocarbons, ketones and furans.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1068428
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