To investigate the possibility of correcting thrombocytopenia of chronic liver disease, 19 patients (6 male and 13 female) with long-term chronic liver disease and platelet count < or = 85,000/microliters were studied. Either a short-term course (7-20 days) of recombinant human erythropoietin, 4000 U daily SQ (12 patients) or placebo (7 patients) was administered. Treatment was interrupted if the platelets rose to > or = 100,000/microliters or if no significant increase was noted after 14 days. After treatment, platelets increased in the recombinant human erythropoietin group (from a baseline value of 70,000 +/- 11,184 to 101,250 +/- 37,625/microliters), while no difference was noted in the placebo group (70,714 +/- 9928 vs 70,000 +/- 10,231/microliters). The increase in the platelet count in the recombinant human erythropoietin group was significant, both compared to baseline values (paired Student's t-test, t = -3.80, p < 0.005) and to the results of treatment in the placebo group (unpaired Student's t-test, t = 2.71, p < 0.02). Eight out of 12 recombinant human erythropoietin-treated patients (66%) reached > or = 100,000/microliters platelets while four (33%) did not. In comparison to responders, non-responders had a significantly lower baseline platelet count (58,500 +/- 7937 vs 75,750 +/- 7498/microliters, t = -3.69, p = 0.004) and failed more frequently than responders to improve their haematocrit in response to recombinant human erythropoietin (Pearson chi 2 = 4.687, p = 0.03). When treatment was discontinued, the platelet count reverted to baseline in a few weeks. In conclusion, recombinant human erythropoietin treatment transiently corrected mild thrombocytopenia in patients with chronic liver disease.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Thrombocytopenia of chronic liver disease corrected by erythropoietin treatment

Soardo, G;TONIUTTO, Pierluigi;
1994

Abstract

To investigate the possibility of correcting thrombocytopenia of chronic liver disease, 19 patients (6 male and 13 female) with long-term chronic liver disease and platelet count < or = 85,000/microliters were studied. Either a short-term course (7-20 days) of recombinant human erythropoietin, 4000 U daily SQ (12 patients) or placebo (7 patients) was administered. Treatment was interrupted if the platelets rose to > or = 100,000/microliters or if no significant increase was noted after 14 days. After treatment, platelets increased in the recombinant human erythropoietin group (from a baseline value of 70,000 +/- 11,184 to 101,250 +/- 37,625/microliters), while no difference was noted in the placebo group (70,714 +/- 9928 vs 70,000 +/- 10,231/microliters). The increase in the platelet count in the recombinant human erythropoietin group was significant, both compared to baseline values (paired Student's t-test, t = -3.80, p < 0.005) and to the results of treatment in the placebo group (unpaired Student's t-test, t = 2.71, p < 0.02). Eight out of 12 recombinant human erythropoietin-treated patients (66%) reached > or = 100,000/microliters platelets while four (33%) did not. In comparison to responders, non-responders had a significantly lower baseline platelet count (58,500 +/- 7937 vs 75,750 +/- 7498/microliters, t = -3.69, p = 0.004) and failed more frequently than responders to improve their haematocrit in response to recombinant human erythropoietin (Pearson chi 2 = 4.687, p = 0.03). When treatment was discontinued, the platelet count reverted to baseline in a few weeks. In conclusion, recombinant human erythropoietin treatment transiently corrected mild thrombocytopenia in patients with chronic liver disease.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1095595
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