The objective of this study was to determine risk factors and outcomes of infections by multidrug-resistant gram-negative (MDR GN) bacteria in 241 recipients of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The cumulative incidence of infections was 10.5% (95% CI, 12.0% to 25.8%), with 57% of infections occurring during the period of severe neutropenia (neutrophil count < .1 × 106/L). In multivariate analysis, allogeneic transplant and colonization with MDR GN bacteria at admission to the transplant unit were significantly associated with an increased risk of infection. Although we observed neither transplant-related mortality (TRM) nor deaths due to infections by MDR GN bacteria after autologous transplant, in the allogeneic setting a significant difference was reported in terms of overall survival (OS) and TRM between patients who developed infections and those who did not (1-year OS, 39% versus 68%; 1-year TRM, 42% versus 19%). In multivariate analysis, refractory disease and development of grades III to IV graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were factors that affected both TRM and OS, whereas occurrence of infections by MDR GN pathogens significantly reduced OS. We conclude that eligibility to allogeneic HSCT in MDR GN bacteria carriers should be carefully evaluated together with all other factors that independently influence outcome (disease status, donor, and GVHD risk

Risk Factors and Outcomes of Infections by Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Bacteria in Patients Undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

PATRIARCA, Francesca;ISOLA, Miriam;BASSETTI, MATTEO;FANIN, Renato
2017

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine risk factors and outcomes of infections by multidrug-resistant gram-negative (MDR GN) bacteria in 241 recipients of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The cumulative incidence of infections was 10.5% (95% CI, 12.0% to 25.8%), with 57% of infections occurring during the period of severe neutropenia (neutrophil count < .1 × 106/L). In multivariate analysis, allogeneic transplant and colonization with MDR GN bacteria at admission to the transplant unit were significantly associated with an increased risk of infection. Although we observed neither transplant-related mortality (TRM) nor deaths due to infections by MDR GN bacteria after autologous transplant, in the allogeneic setting a significant difference was reported in terms of overall survival (OS) and TRM between patients who developed infections and those who did not (1-year OS, 39% versus 68%; 1-year TRM, 42% versus 19%). In multivariate analysis, refractory disease and development of grades III to IV graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were factors that affected both TRM and OS, whereas occurrence of infections by MDR GN pathogens significantly reduced OS. We conclude that eligibility to allogeneic HSCT in MDR GN bacteria carriers should be carefully evaluated together with all other factors that independently influence outcome (disease status, donor, and GVHD risk
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1100838
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