Glucocorticoid induced leucine zipper protein (GILZ) is an aldosterone-regulated protein that controls sodium transport in cultured kidney epithelial cells. Mice lacking GILZ have been reported previously to have electrolyte abnormalities. However, the mechanistic basis has not been explored. Here we provide evidence supporting a role for GILZ in modulating the balance of renal sodium and potassium excretion by regulating the sodium-chloride cotransporter (NCC) activity in the distal nephron. Gilz-/- mice have a higher plasma potassium concentration and lower fractional excretion of potassium than wild type mice. Furthermore, knockout mice are more sensitive to NCC inhibition by thiazides than are the wild type mice, and their phosphorylated NCC expression is higher. Despite increased NCC activity, knockout mice do not have higher blood pressure than wild type mice. However, during sodium deprivation, knockout mice come into sodium balance more quickly, than do the wild type, without a significant increase in plasma renin activity. Upon prolonged sodium restriction, knockout mice develop frank hyperkalemia. Finally, in HEK293T cells, exogenous GILZ inhibits NCC activity at least in part by inhibiting SPAK phosphorylation. Thus, GILZ promotes potassium secretion by inhibiting NCC and enhancing distal sodium delivery to the epithelial sodium channel. Additionally, Gilz-/- mice have features resembling familial hyperkalemic hypertension, a human disorder that manifests with hyperkalemia associated variably with hypertension.

Glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper protein regulates sodium and potassium balance in the distal nephron

COLUSSI, Gian Luca;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Glucocorticoid induced leucine zipper protein (GILZ) is an aldosterone-regulated protein that controls sodium transport in cultured kidney epithelial cells. Mice lacking GILZ have been reported previously to have electrolyte abnormalities. However, the mechanistic basis has not been explored. Here we provide evidence supporting a role for GILZ in modulating the balance of renal sodium and potassium excretion by regulating the sodium-chloride cotransporter (NCC) activity in the distal nephron. Gilz-/- mice have a higher plasma potassium concentration and lower fractional excretion of potassium than wild type mice. Furthermore, knockout mice are more sensitive to NCC inhibition by thiazides than are the wild type mice, and their phosphorylated NCC expression is higher. Despite increased NCC activity, knockout mice do not have higher blood pressure than wild type mice. However, during sodium deprivation, knockout mice come into sodium balance more quickly, than do the wild type, without a significant increase in plasma renin activity. Upon prolonged sodium restriction, knockout mice develop frank hyperkalemia. Finally, in HEK293T cells, exogenous GILZ inhibits NCC activity at least in part by inhibiting SPAK phosphorylation. Thus, GILZ promotes potassium secretion by inhibiting NCC and enhancing distal sodium delivery to the epithelial sodium channel. Additionally, Gilz-/- mice have features resembling familial hyperkalemic hypertension, a human disorder that manifests with hyperkalemia associated variably with hypertension.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1105221
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