Objective: To evaluate the effect on ovarian reserve and blood flow of unilateral laparoscopic stripping of endometriotic versus non-endometriotic cysts. Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Tertiary university gynecology unit. Patients: During the study period, 71 subjects underwent the first laparoscopic surgery for removal of a monolateral benign ovarian cyst. Interventions: Trans-vaginal ultrasound scans of the pelvis about six months after surgery. Main outcome measures: Ovarian volume, Antral Follicle Count (AFC) and Resistance Index (RI) of ovarian artery of the operated and the contralateral ovary. Results: Among 71 cysts, 39.4% were endometriotic and 60.6% non-endometriotic benign cysts. All the procedures were performed by the same experienced surgeons with a standardized technique. No major complications were reported during surgery. The mean (±SD) age and BMI of women were 31.0±6.8 years and 24.2±3.3kg/m2, respectively. Mean diameter of the removed cysts was smaller for endometriotic than non-endometriotic cysts (4.35±1.77cm versus 6.33 ± 3.71 cm, p 1⁄4 0.046). In comparison to non-operated, volume of the operated ovary was significantly lower and with a reduced AFC, with no difference between endometriotic and non-endometriotic cysts ( 2.41 ± 2.35 versus 2.00 ± 2.23 cm3, p 1⁄4 0.496) ( 3.45 ± 3.07 versus 2.43 ± 1.95, p 1⁄4 0.11). Ovarian artery RI was higher in the operated ovary with no difference between endometriotic and non-endometriotic cysts (0.19 ± 0.14 versus 0.14 ± 0.10, p 1⁄4 0.455). The difference in ovarian volume (r1⁄40.178), AFC (r1⁄40.094) and RI (r1⁄40.079) between operated and non-operated ovary was not dependent on the diameter of the removed cyst. Conclusion: Ovarian surgery is associated with a decline of ovarian reserve, independently on the histological type and the diameter of the removed cyst.

Objective: To evaluate the effect on ovarian reserve and blood flow of unilateral laparoscopic stripping of endometriotic versus non-endometriotic cysts.Design: Prospective observational study.Setting: Tertiary university gynecology unit.Patients: During the study period, 71 subjects underwent the first laparoscopic surgery for removal of a monolateral benign ovarian cyst.Interventions: Trans-vaginal ultrasound scans of the pelvis about six months after surgery.Main outcome measures: Ovarian volume, Antral Follicle Count (AFC) and Resistance Index (RI) of ovarian artery of the operated and the contralateral ovary.Results: Among 71 cysts, 39.4% were endometriotic and 60.6% non-endometriotic benign cysts. All the procedures were performed by the same experienced surgeons with a standardized technique. No major complications were reported during surgery. The mean (±SD) age and BMI of women were 31.0 ± 6.8 years and 24.2 ± 3.3 kg/m2, respectively. Mean diameter of the removed cysts was smaller for endometriotic than non-endometriotic cysts (4.35 ± 1.77 cm versus 6.33 ± 3.71 cm, p = 0.046). In comparison to non-operated, volume of the operated ovary was significantly lower and with a reduced AFC, with no difference between endometriotic and non-endometriotic cysts (-2.41 ± 2.35 versus -2.00 ± 2.23 cm3, p = 0.496) (-3.45 ± 3.07 versus -2.43 ± 1.95, p = 0.11). Ovarian artery RI was higher in the operated ovary with no difference between endometriotic and non-endometriotic cysts (0.19 ± 0.14 versus 0.14 ± 0.10, p = 0.455). The difference in ovarian volume (r = 0.178), AFC (r = 0.094) and RI (r = 0.079) between operated and non-operated ovary was not dependent on the diameter of the removed cyst.Conclusion: Ovarian surgery is associated with a decline of ovarian reserve, independently on the histological type and the diameter of the removed cyst.

Impact of laparoscopic cystectomy of endometriotic and non-endometriotic cysts on ovarian volume, antral follicle count (AFC) and ovarian doppler velocimetry

CAGNACCI, Angelo;
2016

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effect on ovarian reserve and blood flow of unilateral laparoscopic stripping of endometriotic versus non-endometriotic cysts. Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Tertiary university gynecology unit. Patients: During the study period, 71 subjects underwent the first laparoscopic surgery for removal of a monolateral benign ovarian cyst. Interventions: Trans-vaginal ultrasound scans of the pelvis about six months after surgery. Main outcome measures: Ovarian volume, Antral Follicle Count (AFC) and Resistance Index (RI) of ovarian artery of the operated and the contralateral ovary. Results: Among 71 cysts, 39.4% were endometriotic and 60.6% non-endometriotic benign cysts. All the procedures were performed by the same experienced surgeons with a standardized technique. No major complications were reported during surgery. The mean (±SD) age and BMI of women were 31.0±6.8 years and 24.2±3.3kg/m2, respectively. Mean diameter of the removed cysts was smaller for endometriotic than non-endometriotic cysts (4.35±1.77cm versus 6.33 ± 3.71 cm, p 1⁄4 0.046). In comparison to non-operated, volume of the operated ovary was significantly lower and with a reduced AFC, with no difference between endometriotic and non-endometriotic cysts ( 2.41 ± 2.35 versus 2.00 ± 2.23 cm3, p 1⁄4 0.496) ( 3.45 ± 3.07 versus 2.43 ± 1.95, p 1⁄4 0.11). Ovarian artery RI was higher in the operated ovary with no difference between endometriotic and non-endometriotic cysts (0.19 ± 0.14 versus 0.14 ± 0.10, p 1⁄4 0.455). The difference in ovarian volume (r1⁄40.178), AFC (r1⁄40.094) and RI (r1⁄40.079) between operated and non-operated ovary was not dependent on the diameter of the removed cyst. Conclusion: Ovarian surgery is associated with a decline of ovarian reserve, independently on the histological type and the diameter of the removed cyst.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Gyn End laparosc2016.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Non pubblico
Dimensione 561.89 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
561.89 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1105776
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact