BACKGROUND:To compare in the first 7 days after surgery the outcome of myomectomy performed by three laparotomic approaches: laparotomy (LT), minilaparotomy (MLT) and laparoscopically assisted minilaparotomy (LA-MLT).METHODS:Fifty-one women with 5-15 cm total myoma diameter were randomized blindly using a computer randomization list, to LT (n = 17), MLT (n = 17) or LA-MLT (n = 17).RESULTS:Mean operation length was similar in the three groups. Mean (+/- SEM) time of paralytic ileus (55.0 +/- 4.5 versus 33.4 +/- 3.4 h; P < 0.01) and discharge (141.6 +/- 5.2 versus 81.5 +/- 8.2 h; P < 0.01) was longer in LT than LA-MLT or even MLT. In comparison with LA-MLT, LT induced a greater haemoglobin decline (-3.07 +/- 0.3 versus -1.8 +/- 0.15 mg/dl; P < 0.025), and a greater post-operative stress, as documented by increased prolactin (+15.1 +/- 3.8 versus +0.16 +/- 4.5 ng/ml; P < 0.03) and decreased insulin sensitivity (fasting glucose/insulin; -7.5 +/- 2.6 versus -0.7 +/- 2.1; P < 0.02). Seven days after surgery, abdominal pain (P < 0.05) was higher after LT (3.0 +/- 0.6) than MLT (0.5 +/- 0.2) and LA-MLT (0.9 +/- 0.4).CONCLUSIONS:In selected cases, myomectomy by LA-MLT offers some advantages versus LT and, to a smaller extent, MLT.

Early outcome of myomectomy by laparotomy, minilaparotomy and laparoscopically assisted minilaparotomy. A randomized proscpective study

CAGNACCI, Angelo;
2003

Abstract

BACKGROUND:To compare in the first 7 days after surgery the outcome of myomectomy performed by three laparotomic approaches: laparotomy (LT), minilaparotomy (MLT) and laparoscopically assisted minilaparotomy (LA-MLT).METHODS:Fifty-one women with 5-15 cm total myoma diameter were randomized blindly using a computer randomization list, to LT (n = 17), MLT (n = 17) or LA-MLT (n = 17).RESULTS:Mean operation length was similar in the three groups. Mean (+/- SEM) time of paralytic ileus (55.0 +/- 4.5 versus 33.4 +/- 3.4 h; P < 0.01) and discharge (141.6 +/- 5.2 versus 81.5 +/- 8.2 h; P < 0.01) was longer in LT than LA-MLT or even MLT. In comparison with LA-MLT, LT induced a greater haemoglobin decline (-3.07 +/- 0.3 versus -1.8 +/- 0.15 mg/dl; P < 0.025), and a greater post-operative stress, as documented by increased prolactin (+15.1 +/- 3.8 versus +0.16 +/- 4.5 ng/ml; P < 0.03) and decreased insulin sensitivity (fasting glucose/insulin; -7.5 +/- 2.6 versus -0.7 +/- 2.1; P < 0.02). Seven days after surgery, abdominal pain (P < 0.05) was higher after LT (3.0 +/- 0.6) than MLT (0.5 +/- 0.2) and LA-MLT (0.9 +/- 0.4).CONCLUSIONS:In selected cases, myomectomy by LA-MLT offers some advantages versus LT and, to a smaller extent, MLT.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1105804
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