The study was undertaken to evaluate whether raloxifene influences endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent vasodilatation in women.In a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized study, 30 osteopenic but otherwise healthy postmenopausal women received either placebo (n = 15 with one dropout) or raloxifene (60 mg/d, n = 15). Brachial artery flow-mediated endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent vasodilatation was evaluated by ultrasound before and after 6 months of treatment, along with lipid and glucose metabolism. Endothelium-dependent dilatation was evaluated after a 4-minute block of artery blood flow through a cuff insufflated at suprasystolic blood pressure. Endothelium-independent vasodilatation was evaluated after sublingual nitroglycerin administration (400 microg).Placebo did not modify any vascular or metabolic parameter. Raloxifene significantly decreased low-density lipoprotein levels (4.60 +/- 0.18 mmol/L vs 3.94 +/- 0.30 mmol/L, P <.015) but did not modify endothelium-dependent (21.6\% +/- 4.6\% vs 20.6\% +/- 3.8\%) or endothelium-independent vasodilatation (26.3\% +/- 5.1\% vs 32.0\% +/- 5.5\%).Prolonged administration of raloxifene does not influence endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent vasodilatation of osteopenic but otherwise healthy postmenopausal women.

Raloxifene does not influence flow-mediated endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent vasodilatation of osteopenic postmenopausal women.

CAGNACCI, Angelo;
2003

Abstract

The study was undertaken to evaluate whether raloxifene influences endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent vasodilatation in women.In a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized study, 30 osteopenic but otherwise healthy postmenopausal women received either placebo (n = 15 with one dropout) or raloxifene (60 mg/d, n = 15). Brachial artery flow-mediated endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent vasodilatation was evaluated by ultrasound before and after 6 months of treatment, along with lipid and glucose metabolism. Endothelium-dependent dilatation was evaluated after a 4-minute block of artery blood flow through a cuff insufflated at suprasystolic blood pressure. Endothelium-independent vasodilatation was evaluated after sublingual nitroglycerin administration (400 microg).Placebo did not modify any vascular or metabolic parameter. Raloxifene significantly decreased low-density lipoprotein levels (4.60 +/- 0.18 mmol/L vs 3.94 +/- 0.30 mmol/L, P <.015) but did not modify endothelium-dependent (21.6\% +/- 4.6\% vs 20.6\% +/- 3.8\%) or endothelium-independent vasodilatation (26.3\% +/- 5.1\% vs 32.0\% +/- 5.5\%).Prolonged administration of raloxifene does not influence endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent vasodilatation of osteopenic but otherwise healthy postmenopausal women.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1105861
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