The study was performed to compare the clinical effect of a hormone replacement therapy (HRT) with two different progestins. Postmenopausal women (PMW) with climacteric symptoms (CS) randomly received for 12 months orally, either placebo (n ¼ 20), 1mg estradiol (E) plus 0.5mg noretisterone acetate (NETA; n¼40), or 2mg drospirenone (DRSP; n¼40), a testosterone- and spironolactone-derived molecule, respectively. Weight (W) declined only during E/DRSP (p50.04 versus placebo). Fat mass (FM) decreased, similarly, during E/NETA and E/DRSP. Intracellular water (ICW) did not change, while extracellular water (ECW) decreased during E/DRSP (p50.0001) (p50.002 versus E/NETA). During E/NETA and E/DRSP, similar decreases were observed for insulin resistance (IR) by the homeostatic model assessment for IR (HOMA-IR) (p50.0001 versus placebo for both), systolic (p50.04 versus placebo for both) and diastolic (p50.002) blood pressure (BP). Lipids did not change. In comparison to placebo CS, by the Kupperman Index (KI), significantly declined (p50.0001) during E/NETA or E/DRSP. Menopausespecific Quality of Life (MENQoL) significantly declined versus placebo (p50.04) during both E/NETA and E/DRSP. In conclusion, differences between the two progestins are mainly limited to body composition (BC), where the addition of DRSP decreases ECW and body W (BW).

Clinical effect of hormonal replacement therapy with estradiol associated with noretisterone or drospirenone. A prospective randomized placebo controlled study

CAGNACCI, Angelo;
2015

Abstract

The study was performed to compare the clinical effect of a hormone replacement therapy (HRT) with two different progestins. Postmenopausal women (PMW) with climacteric symptoms (CS) randomly received for 12 months orally, either placebo (n ¼ 20), 1mg estradiol (E) plus 0.5mg noretisterone acetate (NETA; n¼40), or 2mg drospirenone (DRSP; n¼40), a testosterone- and spironolactone-derived molecule, respectively. Weight (W) declined only during E/DRSP (p50.04 versus placebo). Fat mass (FM) decreased, similarly, during E/NETA and E/DRSP. Intracellular water (ICW) did not change, while extracellular water (ECW) decreased during E/DRSP (p50.0001) (p50.002 versus E/NETA). During E/NETA and E/DRSP, similar decreases were observed for insulin resistance (IR) by the homeostatic model assessment for IR (HOMA-IR) (p50.0001 versus placebo for both), systolic (p50.04 versus placebo for both) and diastolic (p50.002) blood pressure (BP). Lipids did not change. In comparison to placebo CS, by the Kupperman Index (KI), significantly declined (p50.0001) during E/NETA or E/DRSP. Menopausespecific Quality of Life (MENQoL) significantly declined versus placebo (p50.04) during both E/NETA and E/DRSP. In conclusion, differences between the two progestins are mainly limited to body composition (BC), where the addition of DRSP decreases ECW and body W (BW).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1105868
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