Melatonin shows a clear circadian rhythm with peak values at night, and may act directly with fat cells. Leptin, the anorexic hormone synthesized mainly by adipocytes, is produced in a circadian fashion, similar to that of melatonin. Accordingly, in the present study, we investigated whether melatonin may contribute to the rise in circulating leptin. The study was performed in postmenopausal women with 2 months of treatment with placebo or estradiol (50 microg/day). Melatonin was administered in doses of 1 mg by mouth versus placebo. In experiment 1, melatonin was administered at 08:30 hr. In experiment 2, at 08:30 hr and 10:30 hr, and in experiment 3 at 15:30 hr. Three blood samples, one every 15 min, were collected prior to the administration of melatonin and 2 hr after the administration of the single melatonin dose or the second melatonin administration (experiment 2). Following its administration, circulating melatonin reached pharmacological levels. In the three experiments, levels of leptin were not modified by the daytime administration of melatonin. These data indicate that, at least in daytime hours, acute modifications in daytime melatonin levels do not influence levels of leptin of postmenopausal women either without or with estradiol replacement. Accordingly, the metabolic, endocrine, reproductive and biological modifications induced by acute daytime melatonin in women do not seem to be mediated by modifications in circulating leptin.

Acute modifications in the levels of daytime melatonin do not influence leptin in postmenopausal women.

CAGNACCI, Angelo
;
2002

Abstract

Melatonin shows a clear circadian rhythm with peak values at night, and may act directly with fat cells. Leptin, the anorexic hormone synthesized mainly by adipocytes, is produced in a circadian fashion, similar to that of melatonin. Accordingly, in the present study, we investigated whether melatonin may contribute to the rise in circulating leptin. The study was performed in postmenopausal women with 2 months of treatment with placebo or estradiol (50 microg/day). Melatonin was administered in doses of 1 mg by mouth versus placebo. In experiment 1, melatonin was administered at 08:30 hr. In experiment 2, at 08:30 hr and 10:30 hr, and in experiment 3 at 15:30 hr. Three blood samples, one every 15 min, were collected prior to the administration of melatonin and 2 hr after the administration of the single melatonin dose or the second melatonin administration (experiment 2). Following its administration, circulating melatonin reached pharmacological levels. In the three experiments, levels of leptin were not modified by the daytime administration of melatonin. These data indicate that, at least in daytime hours, acute modifications in daytime melatonin levels do not influence levels of leptin of postmenopausal women either without or with estradiol replacement. Accordingly, the metabolic, endocrine, reproductive and biological modifications induced by acute daytime melatonin in women do not seem to be mediated by modifications in circulating leptin.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1105911
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