In this report we describe a mixed analog-digital integrated circuit (IC) designed as the front-end electronics for silicon strip-detectors for space applications. In space power consumption, compactness and robustness become critical constraints for a pre-amplifier design. The IC is a prototype with 32 complete channels, and it is intended for a large area particle tracker of a new generation of gamma ray telescopes. Each channel contains a charge sensitive amplifier, a pulse shaper, a discriminator and two digital buffers. The reference trip point of the discriminator is adjustable. This chip also has a custom PMOSFET transistor per channel, included in order to provide the high dynamic resistance needed to reverse-bias the strip diode. The digital part of the chip is used to store and serially shift out the state of the channels. There is also a storage buffer that allows the disabling of non-functioning channels if it is required by the data acquisition system. An input capacitance of 30 pF introduced at the input of the front-end produces less than 1000 electrons of RMS equivalent noise charge (ENC), for a total power dissipation of only 60 mu W per channel. The chip was made using Orbit's 1.2 mu m double poly, double metal n-well low noise CMOS process. The dimensions of the IC are 2400 mu m x 8840 mu m.
|Titolo:||MEDUSA-32: A low noise, low power silicon strip detector front-end electronics, for space applications|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|