In this paper we report on the energy spectra and abundance ratios of hydrogen and helium isotopes of albedo origin, measured by the instruments NINA and NINA-2 in near-equatorial regions. The instrument NINA flew on board the satellite Resurs-01-N4 between 1998 and 1999, at a 830 km average altitude. The NINA-2 apparatus, on board the satellite MITA, was put into orbit in July 2000 at an altitude of about 450 km. NINA and NINA-2 measurements revealed that H-2, H-3, He-3, and He-4 are a significant portion of the secondary flux above the atmosphere. The energy spectra of hydrogen isotopes are practically flat across the energy range of 10-40 MeV/n, while the spectra of helium isotopes can be fitted by a power law of spectral indexes gamma=0.8 and gamma=1.5 for He-3 and He-4, respectively.
|Titolo:||Isotope composition of secondary hydrogen and helium above the atmosphere measured by the instruments NINA and NINA-2|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|