The interest in the optimization of new materials for electrodes preparation increased in recent years. The manuscript reports about the optimization of composite free standing graphite–based plastic electrodes. The simple and cheap procedure of preparation, associated to the mechanical features i.e. flexibility and to the aptitude to be custom shaped, makes this plastic conductive material appealing for sensors and biosensors development. This paper reports about the formulation studies performed to obtain the flexible plastic–electrodes graphite–based (PE) and about their bulk–modification assayed to obtain selectivity and to enlarge the PEs field of application. Plastic–electrodes were electrochemically characterized by cyclic voltammetry in presence of potassium ferrocyanide as benchmark redox system. The performances of plastic electrodes were investigated to measure by amperometry dopamine (DA), in presence of ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA) which in biological system usually interfere for an accurate DA detection. The optimized plastic electrodes were able to detect selectively dopamine in presence of a mixed solution of AA and UA, with a linear range from 10 μM to 0.5 mM and a lower detection limit of 3 mM (LOD = 3σblank). The selective detection was obtained by bulk–modification of plastisol used for plastic electrodes preparation. Preliminary recovery tests were performed in urine as biological sample. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Free-standing Plastic electrodes: Formulation, electrochemical characterization and application to dopamine detection

Susmel, Sabina
2018

Abstract

The interest in the optimization of new materials for electrodes preparation increased in recent years. The manuscript reports about the optimization of composite free standing graphite–based plastic electrodes. The simple and cheap procedure of preparation, associated to the mechanical features i.e. flexibility and to the aptitude to be custom shaped, makes this plastic conductive material appealing for sensors and biosensors development. This paper reports about the formulation studies performed to obtain the flexible plastic–electrodes graphite–based (PE) and about their bulk–modification assayed to obtain selectivity and to enlarge the PEs field of application. Plastic–electrodes were electrochemically characterized by cyclic voltammetry in presence of potassium ferrocyanide as benchmark redox system. The performances of plastic electrodes were investigated to measure by amperometry dopamine (DA), in presence of ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA) which in biological system usually interfere for an accurate DA detection. The optimized plastic electrodes were able to detect selectively dopamine in presence of a mixed solution of AA and UA, with a linear range from 10 μM to 0.5 mM and a lower detection limit of 3 mM (LOD = 3σblank). The selective detection was obtained by bulk–modification of plastisol used for plastic electrodes preparation. Preliminary recovery tests were performed in urine as biological sample. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1126874
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact