The steered response power (SRP) algorithm is a well-studied method for acoustic source localization using a microphone array. Recently, different improvements based on the accumulation of all time difference of arrival (TDOA) information have been proposed in order to achieve spatial resolution scalability of the grid search map and reduce the computational cost. However, the TDOA information distribution is not uniform with respect to the search grid, as it depends on the geometry of the array, the sampling frequency, and the spatial resolution. In this paper, we propose a sensitivity-based region selection SRP (R-SRP) algorithm that exploits the nonuniform TDOA information accumulation on the search grid. First, high and low sensitivity regions of the search space are identified using an array sensitivity estimation procedure; then, through the formulation of a peak-to-peak ratio (PPR) measuring the peak energy distribution in the two regions, the source is classified to belong to a high or to a low sensitivity region, and this information is used to design an ad hoc weighting function of the acoustic power map on which the grid search is performed. Simulated and real experiments show that the proposed method improves the localization performance in comparison to the state-of-the-art.

Sensitivity-based region selection in the steered response power algorithm

Salvati, Daniele;Drioli, Carlo;Foresti, Gian Luca
2018-01-01

Abstract

The steered response power (SRP) algorithm is a well-studied method for acoustic source localization using a microphone array. Recently, different improvements based on the accumulation of all time difference of arrival (TDOA) information have been proposed in order to achieve spatial resolution scalability of the grid search map and reduce the computational cost. However, the TDOA information distribution is not uniform with respect to the search grid, as it depends on the geometry of the array, the sampling frequency, and the spatial resolution. In this paper, we propose a sensitivity-based region selection SRP (R-SRP) algorithm that exploits the nonuniform TDOA information accumulation on the search grid. First, high and low sensitivity regions of the search space are identified using an array sensitivity estimation procedure; then, through the formulation of a peak-to-peak ratio (PPR) measuring the peak energy distribution in the two regions, the source is classified to belong to a high or to a low sensitivity region, and this information is used to design an ad hoc weighting function of the acoustic power map on which the grid search is performed. Simulated and real experiments show that the proposed method improves the localization performance in comparison to the state-of-the-art.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1144090
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