1 Bunch-zone leaf removal reduced infestation by Lobesia botrana, although the mechanism responsible for this effect is unknown. 2 Based on themortality of eggs and newly-hatched larvae exposed to high temperatures (≥37 ∘C) in the laboratory, the present study aimed to assess the influence of (i) bunch-zone leaf removal and grapevine-row orientation on berry surface temperature and (ii) bunch exposure to sunlight on egg and larval mortality. 3 Berry temperatures were measured using a noncontact infrared thermometer in two vineyards and showed that, in direct sunlight, the temperatures of berry surfaces were 9 ∘C or more above air temperature, and the highest mean temperatures occurred on southwest-side bunches followed by west- and south-side bunches. 4 The results of four two-choice field assays, carried out confining fertile females in cages with two bunches, one exposed and one non-exposed to sunlight, showed that: (i) the females did not avoid laying eggs on sun-exposed bunches and (ii) the lowest percentages of both egg-hatching and larval settlement occurred on sun-exposed bunches. 5 The hypothesis that the high temperatures reached by sun-exposed berries cause egg and especially larval mortality is confirmed. 6 Bunch-zone leaf removal combined with optimized grapevine-row orientations can improve L. botrana control.

Effects of grapevine bunch exposure to sunlight on berry surface temperature and Lobesia botrana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) egg laying, hatching and larval settlement

Kiaeian Moosavi, Fatemeh;Cargnus, Elena;Pavan, Francesco;Zandigiacomo, Pietro
2017

Abstract

1 Bunch-zone leaf removal reduced infestation by Lobesia botrana, although the mechanism responsible for this effect is unknown. 2 Based on themortality of eggs and newly-hatched larvae exposed to high temperatures (≥37 ∘C) in the laboratory, the present study aimed to assess the influence of (i) bunch-zone leaf removal and grapevine-row orientation on berry surface temperature and (ii) bunch exposure to sunlight on egg and larval mortality. 3 Berry temperatures were measured using a noncontact infrared thermometer in two vineyards and showed that, in direct sunlight, the temperatures of berry surfaces were 9 ∘C or more above air temperature, and the highest mean temperatures occurred on southwest-side bunches followed by west- and south-side bunches. 4 The results of four two-choice field assays, carried out confining fertile females in cages with two bunches, one exposed and one non-exposed to sunlight, showed that: (i) the females did not avoid laying eggs on sun-exposed bunches and (ii) the lowest percentages of both egg-hatching and larval settlement occurred on sun-exposed bunches. 5 The hypothesis that the high temperatures reached by sun-exposed berries cause egg and especially larval mortality is confirmed. 6 Bunch-zone leaf removal combined with optimized grapevine-row orientations can improve L. botrana control.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1144832
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