Immediate activation of the emergency medical service (EMS) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) increases the incidence of return of spontaneous circulation and the number discharged from hospital. The American Heart Association (AHA) and the European Resuscitation Council describe CPR as an ordinate sequence of eight steps. The objectives of this study were to assess the general knowledge of EMS and CPR and to analyse the retention of the CPR steps 2 months after a Basic Life Support (BLS)-course conducted according to AHA standards. We studied two populations from the same geographical area, law enforcement agents (LEA), since they are often the first to intervene, and high school students (HSS) since they are more likely to participate in such courses. HSS were more responsive and receptive than LEA. In order to increase the retention of the sequence of CPR steps, the number of steps should be reduced and refresher courses should be included in training programmes. Early access and early CPR are still not completely effective in the geographical area studied. © 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

Chain of survival: Differences in early access and early CPR between policemen and high-school students

Vetrugno L.;
2001-01-01

Abstract

Immediate activation of the emergency medical service (EMS) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) increases the incidence of return of spontaneous circulation and the number discharged from hospital. The American Heart Association (AHA) and the European Resuscitation Council describe CPR as an ordinate sequence of eight steps. The objectives of this study were to assess the general knowledge of EMS and CPR and to analyse the retention of the CPR steps 2 months after a Basic Life Support (BLS)-course conducted according to AHA standards. We studied two populations from the same geographical area, law enforcement agents (LEA), since they are often the first to intervene, and high school students (HSS) since they are more likely to participate in such courses. HSS were more responsive and receptive than LEA. In order to increase the retention of the sequence of CPR steps, the number of steps should be reduced and refresher courses should be included in training programmes. Early access and early CPR are still not completely effective in the geographical area studied. © 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1176636
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