Methane generation from seagrass contributes to green-house gases emissions but can also be a potential controlled biogas source. Understanding the natural fluctuations of emissions and the biotic and abiotic factors underlying such variations is essential. In this work, CH4 emission from beach-cast seagrass from the High-Adriatic coast was analysed. Biochemical methane potential (BMP) tests were used to evaluate CH4 generation at different temperatures (30 °C and 35 °C) and salinity levels (from 0 ‰ to 35 ‰), consistent with the typical observed environmental conditions. The changes in the microorganism community composition were investigated by means of amplicon metagenomics sequencing. The results underlined a specific CH4 emission in the range of 0.90-1.37 NmL CH4/g Volatile Solids (VS) d at 35 °C and 0.36-0.50 NmL CH4/g VS d at 30 °C. The most intense methane generation was observed at intermediate salinity levels of 18 ‰ at 35 °C and 9 ‰ at 30 °C. The total seasonal emission from the investigated beach-cast seagrass was estimated as 0.1399 mmol CH4/m2g. The microbial community analysis highlighted that Rhodobacteraceae was the most abundant family, coherently with its abundance in the marine environment. Low salinity (0-9 ‰) samples showed a prevalence of carbohydrate–degrading Ruminococcaceae, while the carbohydrate-fermenting Petrotogaceae were more abundant in high salinity (18-35 ‰) samples. The total lack of an important functional class was not noticed in any salinity level, except for sulphate-reducing bacteria, which were virtually absent when salinity was 0 ‰. The present study allows a better understanding of the environmental conditions resulting in a higher methanogenic potential and an enhanced comprehension of the bacterial communities associated to this process. The obtained information can be of help for designing efficient systems for producing methane from seagrass wrack, as well as for selecting the most appropriate managing route among the currently available technologies (such as on-site environmental preservation, composting, anaerobic digestion).

Environmental methane emissions from seagrass wrack and evaluation of salinity effect on microbial community composition

Misson, Gloria;Mainardis, Matia
;
Marroni, Fabio;Peressotti, Alessandro;Goi, Daniele
2020

Abstract

Methane generation from seagrass contributes to green-house gases emissions but can also be a potential controlled biogas source. Understanding the natural fluctuations of emissions and the biotic and abiotic factors underlying such variations is essential. In this work, CH4 emission from beach-cast seagrass from the High-Adriatic coast was analysed. Biochemical methane potential (BMP) tests were used to evaluate CH4 generation at different temperatures (30 °C and 35 °C) and salinity levels (from 0 ‰ to 35 ‰), consistent with the typical observed environmental conditions. The changes in the microorganism community composition were investigated by means of amplicon metagenomics sequencing. The results underlined a specific CH4 emission in the range of 0.90-1.37 NmL CH4/g Volatile Solids (VS) d at 35 °C and 0.36-0.50 NmL CH4/g VS d at 30 °C. The most intense methane generation was observed at intermediate salinity levels of 18 ‰ at 35 °C and 9 ‰ at 30 °C. The total seasonal emission from the investigated beach-cast seagrass was estimated as 0.1399 mmol CH4/m2g. The microbial community analysis highlighted that Rhodobacteraceae was the most abundant family, coherently with its abundance in the marine environment. Low salinity (0-9 ‰) samples showed a prevalence of carbohydrate–degrading Ruminococcaceae, while the carbohydrate-fermenting Petrotogaceae were more abundant in high salinity (18-35 ‰) samples. The total lack of an important functional class was not noticed in any salinity level, except for sulphate-reducing bacteria, which were virtually absent when salinity was 0 ‰. The present study allows a better understanding of the environmental conditions resulting in a higher methanogenic potential and an enhanced comprehension of the bacterial communities associated to this process. The obtained information can be of help for designing efficient systems for producing methane from seagrass wrack, as well as for selecting the most appropriate managing route among the currently available technologies (such as on-site environmental preservation, composting, anaerobic digestion).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1194745
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