In this work, we investigate the dynamics of long non-axisymmetric fibres in turbulent channel flow. The experimental facility is the TU Wien Turbulent Water Channel, consisting of a closed water channel (aspect ratio of 10), and the experiments are performed at a shear Reynolds number of 360. Fibres are neutrally buoyant rods that are curved and characterised by a length-to-diameter ratio of 120. Illumination is provided by a laser sheet and the motion of fibres is recorded by four high-speed cameras in a fully developed flow section. We apply multiplicative algebraic reconstruction techniques to the recorded images from four high-speed cameras to identify the three-dimensional location, shape and orientation of the fibres. The fibres are also tracked in time to obtain their three-dimensional vectors of velocity and rotation rate. We investigate the behaviour of the fibres, from the near-wall region to the channel centre, and we produce original statistics on the effect of curvature of the fibres on their orientation and rotation rate. Specifically, we measured the orientation and rotation rate of the fibres, and we can confirm that in the centre, the most homogeneous part of the channel, statistics, although influenced by the curvature, bear similarities to those obtained in previous investigations in homogeneous isotropic turbulence. In addition, we have been able to compare the tumbling rate of our long non-axisymmetric fibres with previous solutions for curved ellipsoids in simple shear flow.

Long non-axisymmetric fibres in turbulent channel flow

Alipour M.;Soldati A.
2021

Abstract

In this work, we investigate the dynamics of long non-axisymmetric fibres in turbulent channel flow. The experimental facility is the TU Wien Turbulent Water Channel, consisting of a closed water channel (aspect ratio of 10), and the experiments are performed at a shear Reynolds number of 360. Fibres are neutrally buoyant rods that are curved and characterised by a length-to-diameter ratio of 120. Illumination is provided by a laser sheet and the motion of fibres is recorded by four high-speed cameras in a fully developed flow section. We apply multiplicative algebraic reconstruction techniques to the recorded images from four high-speed cameras to identify the three-dimensional location, shape and orientation of the fibres. The fibres are also tracked in time to obtain their three-dimensional vectors of velocity and rotation rate. We investigate the behaviour of the fibres, from the near-wall region to the channel centre, and we produce original statistics on the effect of curvature of the fibres on their orientation and rotation rate. Specifically, we measured the orientation and rotation rate of the fibres, and we can confirm that in the centre, the most homogeneous part of the channel, statistics, although influenced by the curvature, bear similarities to those obtained in previous investigations in homogeneous isotropic turbulence. In addition, we have been able to compare the tumbling rate of our long non-axisymmetric fibres with previous solutions for curved ellipsoids in simple shear flow.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1205270
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