AIMS: The prognosis for patients affected by light-chain cardiac amyloidosis and acquired transthyretin-related (TTR) amyloidosis is poor. Heart transplantation (HTx) could improve prognosis also enabling autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in the first group. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 36 patients affected by systemic amyloidosis have been referred to our centre from 2009 to 2019. Of these, nine had cardiac involvement: seven by light-chain amyloidosis and two by acquired TTR amyloidosis. None died while waiting for HTx. A specific internal protocol useful to select candidates and to monitor the organ involvement after HTx was developed. Median age at diagnosis was 54 years and 66% were male. The most common short-term complication after HTx was renal failure (44%), followed by acute cardiac rejection more than 2R (22%). ASCT was performed in six out of seven light-chain cardiac amyloidosis patients, with a median time of 6 months after HTx. Two patients affected by light-chain cardiac amyloidosis died due to amyloidosis relapse: one before undergoing ASCT. After a median follow-up of 31 (7-124) months, 1- and 5-year survival was 88 and 66% in the cardiac light-chain amyloidosis group. Conversely, 1- and 5-year survival was 100% in the acquired TTR amyloidosis group. CONCLUSION: HTx may represent a valuable option in carefully selected patients. ASCT after HTx is an effective treatment that could decrease amyloidosis relapse in light-chain cardiac amyloidosis patients. A multidisciplinary approach is mandatory to select the best candidates and to obtain the most effective results with a specific surveillance follow-up protocol.

Emerging therapy in light-chain and acquired transthyretin-related amyloidosis: an Italian single-centre experience in heart transplantation

Sponga S.;Ferrara V.;Patriarca F.;Fanin R.;Livi U.
2021

Abstract

AIMS: The prognosis for patients affected by light-chain cardiac amyloidosis and acquired transthyretin-related (TTR) amyloidosis is poor. Heart transplantation (HTx) could improve prognosis also enabling autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in the first group. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 36 patients affected by systemic amyloidosis have been referred to our centre from 2009 to 2019. Of these, nine had cardiac involvement: seven by light-chain amyloidosis and two by acquired TTR amyloidosis. None died while waiting for HTx. A specific internal protocol useful to select candidates and to monitor the organ involvement after HTx was developed. Median age at diagnosis was 54 years and 66% were male. The most common short-term complication after HTx was renal failure (44%), followed by acute cardiac rejection more than 2R (22%). ASCT was performed in six out of seven light-chain cardiac amyloidosis patients, with a median time of 6 months after HTx. Two patients affected by light-chain cardiac amyloidosis died due to amyloidosis relapse: one before undergoing ASCT. After a median follow-up of 31 (7-124) months, 1- and 5-year survival was 88 and 66% in the cardiac light-chain amyloidosis group. Conversely, 1- and 5-year survival was 100% in the acquired TTR amyloidosis group. CONCLUSION: HTx may represent a valuable option in carefully selected patients. ASCT after HTx is an effective treatment that could decrease amyloidosis relapse in light-chain cardiac amyloidosis patients. A multidisciplinary approach is mandatory to select the best candidates and to obtain the most effective results with a specific surveillance follow-up protocol.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1206306
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