For the first time, NHC-Au-X [NHC = (1,3-bis(2,6-di-isopropylphenyl)-imidazol-2-ylidene, X− = BF4−, OTf−, OTs−, TFA−] catalysts were tested in the cycloisomerization of N-(prop-2-yn-yl)benzamide to 2-phenyl-5-vinylidene-2-oxazoline in a wide set of green solvents. We found that most of these solvents (cyclohexanone, isopropyl acetate, MIBK, ethyl lactate, furfuryl alcohol, γ-valerolactone, propylene carbonate and propionic acid) are comparable or better solvents with respect to traditional VOS. Furthermore, the catalyst activity is related to the basic strength of the anion and the performances of the catalysts decrease gradually with increasing basicity and hydrogen-bond acceptor power of X−. Kinetic experiments and DFT calculations seem to indicate that both the characteristic of the solvent and counterion should be taken into account.

Experimental and theoretical investigation of the cycloisomerization of N-propargylcarboxamide catalyzed by NHC-Au-X in green solvents

Segato J.;Baratta W.;Del Zotto A.;Zuccaccia D.
2021

Abstract

For the first time, NHC-Au-X [NHC = (1,3-bis(2,6-di-isopropylphenyl)-imidazol-2-ylidene, X− = BF4−, OTf−, OTs−, TFA−] catalysts were tested in the cycloisomerization of N-(prop-2-yn-yl)benzamide to 2-phenyl-5-vinylidene-2-oxazoline in a wide set of green solvents. We found that most of these solvents (cyclohexanone, isopropyl acetate, MIBK, ethyl lactate, furfuryl alcohol, γ-valerolactone, propylene carbonate and propionic acid) are comparable or better solvents with respect to traditional VOS. Furthermore, the catalyst activity is related to the basic strength of the anion and the performances of the catalysts decrease gradually with increasing basicity and hydrogen-bond acceptor power of X−. Kinetic experiments and DFT calculations seem to indicate that both the characteristic of the solvent and counterion should be taken into account.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1206326
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