Exosomes released from tumor cells are instrumental in shaping the local tumor microen-vironment to allow cancer progression. Recently, it has been shown that tumor exosomes carry large fragments of dsDNA, which may reflect the mutational status of parental cells. Although it has been described that a stressful microenvironment can influence exosomal cargo, the effects on DNA pack-ing and its transfer into recipient cells have yet to be investigated. Here, we report that exosomes derived from SW480 (human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line) cells can carry dsDNA fragments containing the entire coding sequence of both TP53 and KRAS genes, harboring the SW480‐related TP53 c.818G > A and KRAS c.35G > T typical mutations. We also report the following: that cell stimulation with lipopolysaccharides (LPS) promotes the selective packaging of the TP53 gene, but not the KRAS gene; that exosomes secreted by SW480 cells efficiently transfer the mutated sequences into normal CCD841‐CoN colon epithelial and THLE‐2 hepatic cells; that this mechanism is more efficient when the cells had been previously incubated with pro‐inflammatory cytokines; that the TP53 gene appears actively transcribed in both recipient cells; and that mutated mRNA levels are not influenced by cytokine treatment. Our data strongly suggest that pro‐inflammatory stimulation promotes the horizontal transfer of an oncogene by exosomes, although this remains a rare event. Further studies are needed to assess the impact of the oncogenic transfer by exosomes in malignant transformation and its role in tumor progression.

Pro‐inflammatory microenvironment modulates the transfer of mutated tp53 mediated by tumor exosomes

Domenis R.;Mio C.;Fabris M.;Curcio F.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Exosomes released from tumor cells are instrumental in shaping the local tumor microen-vironment to allow cancer progression. Recently, it has been shown that tumor exosomes carry large fragments of dsDNA, which may reflect the mutational status of parental cells. Although it has been described that a stressful microenvironment can influence exosomal cargo, the effects on DNA pack-ing and its transfer into recipient cells have yet to be investigated. Here, we report that exosomes derived from SW480 (human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line) cells can carry dsDNA fragments containing the entire coding sequence of both TP53 and KRAS genes, harboring the SW480‐related TP53 c.818G > A and KRAS c.35G > T typical mutations. We also report the following: that cell stimulation with lipopolysaccharides (LPS) promotes the selective packaging of the TP53 gene, but not the KRAS gene; that exosomes secreted by SW480 cells efficiently transfer the mutated sequences into normal CCD841‐CoN colon epithelial and THLE‐2 hepatic cells; that this mechanism is more efficient when the cells had been previously incubated with pro‐inflammatory cytokines; that the TP53 gene appears actively transcribed in both recipient cells; and that mutated mRNA levels are not influenced by cytokine treatment. Our data strongly suggest that pro‐inflammatory stimulation promotes the horizontal transfer of an oncogene by exosomes, although this remains a rare event. Further studies are needed to assess the impact of the oncogenic transfer by exosomes in malignant transformation and its role in tumor progression.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
ijms-22-06258-v2.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.83 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.83 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1207999
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact