The frequent involvement of the spine and sacroiliac joint has justified the classification of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in the Spondyloarthritis group. Even if different classification criteria have been developed for PsA and Spondyloarthritis over the years, a well-defined distinction is still difficult. Although the majority of PsA patients present peripheral involvement, the axial involvement needs to be taken into account when considering disease management. Depending on the definition used, the prevalence of axial disease may vary from 25 to 70% in patients affected by PsA. To date, no consensus definition has been reached in the literature and the definition of axial involvement in PsA has varied from isolated sacroiliitis to criteria used in ankylosing spondylitis. This article reviews the unmet needs in the clinical and radiological assessment of axial PsA, reporting the various interpretations of axial involvement, which have changed over the years. Focusing on both imaging and clinical standpoints, we reported the prevalence of clinical and radiologic features, describing the characteristics of axial disease detectable by X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging, and PET-CT, and also describing the axial symptoms and outcome measures in patients affected by axial disease.

Axial psoriatic disease: Clinical and imaging assessment of an underdiagnosed condition

Giovannini I.;De Vita S.;
2021

Abstract

The frequent involvement of the spine and sacroiliac joint has justified the classification of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in the Spondyloarthritis group. Even if different classification criteria have been developed for PsA and Spondyloarthritis over the years, a well-defined distinction is still difficult. Although the majority of PsA patients present peripheral involvement, the axial involvement needs to be taken into account when considering disease management. Depending on the definition used, the prevalence of axial disease may vary from 25 to 70% in patients affected by PsA. To date, no consensus definition has been reached in the literature and the definition of axial involvement in PsA has varied from isolated sacroiliitis to criteria used in ankylosing spondylitis. This article reviews the unmet needs in the clinical and radiological assessment of axial PsA, reporting the various interpretations of axial involvement, which have changed over the years. Focusing on both imaging and clinical standpoints, we reported the prevalence of clinical and radiologic features, describing the characteristics of axial disease detectable by X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging, and PET-CT, and also describing the axial symptoms and outcome measures in patients affected by axial disease.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1210549
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