Background and objectives: Because few data are available, the aim of this study is to analyze the effects of antithrombotic agents (ATAs) on visual function and long-term risk of cardiovascular events and mortality in hypertensive patients with retinal vein occlusion (RVO). Materials and methods: Hypertensive patients with RVO were consecutively selected from 2008 to 2012 and followed for a median of 8.7 years. Ophthalmologists evaluated and treated RVO complications, and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was checked at each visit during the first one year of follow-up. Survival analysis was conducted on the rate of the composite endpoint of all-cause deaths or non-fatal cardiovascular events. Results: Retrospectively, we collected data from 80 patients (age 68 ± 12 years, 39 males). Central and branch RVO was present in 41 and 39 patients, respectively, and 56 patients started ATAs (50 antiplatelet drugs, 6 warfarin, and 2 low-molecular weight heparin). Average BCVA of the cohort did not change significantly during one-year of follow-up. The only predictor of BCVA was the baseline BCVA value. There was a reduction in proportion and severity of macular edema and an increase in the cumulative proportion of retinal vein patency reestablishment during the follow-up, independent of treatment. ATAs had no effects on one-year BCVA, intraocular complications, or the composite endpoint rate. Conclusions: In this exploratory study, ATAs had no effect on BCVA during the first one year of follow-up and on the composite endpoint during the long-term follow-up. Further prospective studies need to be conducted with an accurate standardization of the intraocular and antithrombotic treatment to define the positive or negative role of ATAs in hypertensive patients with RVO.

Effects of antithrombotic agents on ophthalmological outcomes, cardiovascular risk, and mortality in hypertensive patients with retinal vein occlusion: An exploratory retrospective study

Veritti D.;Cavarape A.;Catena C.;Lanzetta P.;Sechi L. A.;Colussi G.
2021

Abstract

Background and objectives: Because few data are available, the aim of this study is to analyze the effects of antithrombotic agents (ATAs) on visual function and long-term risk of cardiovascular events and mortality in hypertensive patients with retinal vein occlusion (RVO). Materials and methods: Hypertensive patients with RVO were consecutively selected from 2008 to 2012 and followed for a median of 8.7 years. Ophthalmologists evaluated and treated RVO complications, and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was checked at each visit during the first one year of follow-up. Survival analysis was conducted on the rate of the composite endpoint of all-cause deaths or non-fatal cardiovascular events. Results: Retrospectively, we collected data from 80 patients (age 68 ± 12 years, 39 males). Central and branch RVO was present in 41 and 39 patients, respectively, and 56 patients started ATAs (50 antiplatelet drugs, 6 warfarin, and 2 low-molecular weight heparin). Average BCVA of the cohort did not change significantly during one-year of follow-up. The only predictor of BCVA was the baseline BCVA value. There was a reduction in proportion and severity of macular edema and an increase in the cumulative proportion of retinal vein patency reestablishment during the follow-up, independent of treatment. ATAs had no effects on one-year BCVA, intraocular complications, or the composite endpoint rate. Conclusions: In this exploratory study, ATAs had no effect on BCVA during the first one year of follow-up and on the composite endpoint during the long-term follow-up. Further prospective studies need to be conducted with an accurate standardization of the intraocular and antithrombotic treatment to define the positive or negative role of ATAs in hypertensive patients with RVO.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1213954
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