OBJECTIVE: Glioma-associated stem cells (GASCs) have been indicated as possible players in supporting growth and recurrence in glioblastoma. However, their role in modulating immune response in the peritumoral area has not yet been described. In this study, the authors aimed to investigate programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) differential expression at the protein level in GASCs derived from different tumor areas (core, periphery, and surrounding healthy brain). METHODS: Tumor tissue samples were collected from patients who underwent surgery for a histopathologically confirmed diagnosis of glioblastoma. Sampling sites were confirmed via neuronavigation and categorized on 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence as bright (ALA+), pale (ALA PALE), or negative (ALA-), which corresponds to the tumor mass, infiltrated peritumoral area, and healthy brain, respectively, during surgery. GASCs were first isolated from the 3 regions and analyzed; then Western blot analysis was used to evaluate the level of PD-L1 expression in the GASCs. RESULTS: Overall, 7 patients were included in the study. For all patients, the mean values ± SD of PD-L1 expression in GASCs for ALA+, ALA PALE, and ALA- were 1.12 ± 1.14, 0.89 ± 0.63, and 0.57 ± 0.18, respectively. The differentially expressed values of PD-L1 in GASCs sampled from the 3 areas were found to be significant (p < 0.05) for 3 of the 7 patients: patient S470 (ALA+ vs ALA- and ALA PALE vs ALA-), patient S473 (ALA+ vs ALA PALE and ALA PALE vs ALA-), and patient S509 (ALA+ vs ALA-). CONCLUSIONS: This analysis showed, for the first time, that GASCs expressed a constitutive level of PD-L1 and that PD-L1 expression in GASCs was not uniform among patients or within the same patient. GASC analysis combined with 5-ALA-guided sampling (from core to periphery) made it possible to highlight the role of the tumor microenvironment at the infiltrating margin, which might cause clinical resistance, opening interesting perspectives for the future.

Immunoregulatory effects of glioma-associated stem cells on the glioblastoma peritumoral microenvironment: a differential PD-L1 expression from core to periphery?

Cesselli D.;
2022

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Glioma-associated stem cells (GASCs) have been indicated as possible players in supporting growth and recurrence in glioblastoma. However, their role in modulating immune response in the peritumoral area has not yet been described. In this study, the authors aimed to investigate programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) differential expression at the protein level in GASCs derived from different tumor areas (core, periphery, and surrounding healthy brain). METHODS: Tumor tissue samples were collected from patients who underwent surgery for a histopathologically confirmed diagnosis of glioblastoma. Sampling sites were confirmed via neuronavigation and categorized on 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence as bright (ALA+), pale (ALA PALE), or negative (ALA-), which corresponds to the tumor mass, infiltrated peritumoral area, and healthy brain, respectively, during surgery. GASCs were first isolated from the 3 regions and analyzed; then Western blot analysis was used to evaluate the level of PD-L1 expression in the GASCs. RESULTS: Overall, 7 patients were included in the study. For all patients, the mean values ± SD of PD-L1 expression in GASCs for ALA+, ALA PALE, and ALA- were 1.12 ± 1.14, 0.89 ± 0.63, and 0.57 ± 0.18, respectively. The differentially expressed values of PD-L1 in GASCs sampled from the 3 areas were found to be significant (p < 0.05) for 3 of the 7 patients: patient S470 (ALA+ vs ALA- and ALA PALE vs ALA-), patient S473 (ALA+ vs ALA PALE and ALA PALE vs ALA-), and patient S509 (ALA+ vs ALA-). CONCLUSIONS: This analysis showed, for the first time, that GASCs expressed a constitutive level of PD-L1 and that PD-L1 expression in GASCs was not uniform among patients or within the same patient. GASC analysis combined with 5-ALA-guided sampling (from core to periphery) made it possible to highlight the role of the tumor microenvironment at the infiltrating margin, which might cause clinical resistance, opening interesting perspectives for the future.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/1220677
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