Survivin was previously associated with tumor stage and grade in ovarian cancer and interfered with the tumor's drug sensitivity. In addition, Survivin expression was found to be regulated by the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) pathway, Krüppel-like factor (KLF) family proteins, and p53 pathway. The main aim of this study was to assess the prognostic values of immunohistochemical expression of Survivin, Klf5, Klf11, Shh, p53, p21, and Mdm2 in a cohort of high-grade ovarian serous cancers. Other aims were comparison between high- and low-grade ovarian serous cancer and between platinum-resistant and the other cases. The last aim was to assess the correlations among the immunohistochemical expression of the studied proteins. Retrospective cohort study to assess immunohistochemical expression of Survivin, Klf5, Klf11, Shh, p53, p21, and Mdm2 in a tissue microarray of primary tumor samples among 73 women affected by high-grade ovarian serous cancer and 9 by low-grade ovarian serous cancer. Klf5 and Shh cytoplasmic staining were associated with short overall survival (HR 6.38, 95% CI 2.25–18.01, P < .05 and 2.25, 95% CI 1.19–4.23, P < .05, respectively). In addition, cytoplasmic Klf5 staining, high Klf11, and p53 nuclear staining were associated with platinum resistance (P < .05). Cytoplasmic Shh score was significantly correlated to the immunohistochemical expression of Klf5, Klf11, Mdm2, and Survivin. Our data highlight the possible role of Klf5 and Shh as prognostic markers, meanwhile confirming the role of the KLF family proteins and p53 in ovarian cancer drug resistance. Moreover, Shh appeared to play an important role in the intracellular network of ovarian neoplasia.

Survivin, sonic hedgehog, krüppel-like factors, and p53 pathway in serous ovarian cancer: an immunohistochemical study

Londero A. P.;Marzinotto S.;Bertozzi S.;Mariuzzi L.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Survivin was previously associated with tumor stage and grade in ovarian cancer and interfered with the tumor's drug sensitivity. In addition, Survivin expression was found to be regulated by the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) pathway, Krüppel-like factor (KLF) family proteins, and p53 pathway. The main aim of this study was to assess the prognostic values of immunohistochemical expression of Survivin, Klf5, Klf11, Shh, p53, p21, and Mdm2 in a cohort of high-grade ovarian serous cancers. Other aims were comparison between high- and low-grade ovarian serous cancer and between platinum-resistant and the other cases. The last aim was to assess the correlations among the immunohistochemical expression of the studied proteins. Retrospective cohort study to assess immunohistochemical expression of Survivin, Klf5, Klf11, Shh, p53, p21, and Mdm2 in a tissue microarray of primary tumor samples among 73 women affected by high-grade ovarian serous cancer and 9 by low-grade ovarian serous cancer. Klf5 and Shh cytoplasmic staining were associated with short overall survival (HR 6.38, 95% CI 2.25–18.01, P < .05 and 2.25, 95% CI 1.19–4.23, P < .05, respectively). In addition, cytoplasmic Klf5 staining, high Klf11, and p53 nuclear staining were associated with platinum resistance (P < .05). Cytoplasmic Shh score was significantly correlated to the immunohistochemical expression of Klf5, Klf11, Mdm2, and Survivin. Our data highlight the possible role of Klf5 and Shh as prognostic markers, meanwhile confirming the role of the KLF family proteins and p53 in ovarian cancer drug resistance. Moreover, Shh appeared to play an important role in the intracellular network of ovarian neoplasia.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1232266
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