Objective: To evaluate cancer risk among individuals with connective tissue disease (CTD) in Friuli Venezia Giulia, northern Italy. Methods: A population-based cohort study was conducted based on data from health records available in the regional healthcare database. Demographic characteristics, hospital discharges, exemption from medical charges, drug prescriptions, were individually matched with data from the population-based cancer registry. Cancer risk was assessed in people diagnosed with the following diseases: systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjögren’s syndrome (SS), systemic sclerosis (SSc), polymyositis (PM), and dermatomyositis (DM). Results: In all, 2504 patients were followed for a total of 18,006 person-years (median follow-up: 6.8 years). After 5 and 10 years of follow-up, the cumulative cancer incidence was 2.6% and 8.5%, respectively. The most common cancers were breast (n = 34), lung (n = 24), colon–rectum–anus (n = 20), and non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) (n = 20). Overall, no excess cancer risk was noted (SIR = 0.87), whereas the number of observed NHL cases was more than two-fold significantly higher than expected (SIR = 2.52). The subgroup analysis showed a higher risk of NHL among SS patients (SIR = 3.84) and SLE patients (SIR = 2.69). Conversely, the study population showed a decreased risk for breast cancers (SIR = 0.61) and corpus uteri (SIR = 0.21). Conclusions: The incidence of NHL was higher among patients with SS and SLE. Careful surveillance for hematological malignancies in these patients is recommended.

Risk of Cancer in Connective Tissue Diseases in Northeastern Italy over 15 Years

Elena Treppo;Salvatore De Vita;Luca Quartuccio
2022-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate cancer risk among individuals with connective tissue disease (CTD) in Friuli Venezia Giulia, northern Italy. Methods: A population-based cohort study was conducted based on data from health records available in the regional healthcare database. Demographic characteristics, hospital discharges, exemption from medical charges, drug prescriptions, were individually matched with data from the population-based cancer registry. Cancer risk was assessed in people diagnosed with the following diseases: systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjögren’s syndrome (SS), systemic sclerosis (SSc), polymyositis (PM), and dermatomyositis (DM). Results: In all, 2504 patients were followed for a total of 18,006 person-years (median follow-up: 6.8 years). After 5 and 10 years of follow-up, the cumulative cancer incidence was 2.6% and 8.5%, respectively. The most common cancers were breast (n = 34), lung (n = 24), colon–rectum–anus (n = 20), and non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) (n = 20). Overall, no excess cancer risk was noted (SIR = 0.87), whereas the number of observed NHL cases was more than two-fold significantly higher than expected (SIR = 2.52). The subgroup analysis showed a higher risk of NHL among SS patients (SIR = 3.84) and SLE patients (SIR = 2.69). Conversely, the study population showed a decreased risk for breast cancers (SIR = 0.61) and corpus uteri (SIR = 0.21). Conclusions: The incidence of NHL was higher among patients with SS and SLE. Careful surveillance for hematological malignancies in these patients is recommended.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1232504
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