This study aimed to identify associations between germline polymorphisms and risk of high-grade osteosarcoma (HGOS) development, event-free survival (EFS) and toxicity in HGOS patients treated with neo-adjuvant chemotherapy and surgery.Germline polymorphisms of 31 genes known to be relevant for transport or metabolism of all four drugs used in HGOS chemotherapy (methotrexate, doxorubicin, cisplatin and ifosfamide) were genotyped in 196 patients with HGOS and in 470 healthy age and gender-matched controls. Of these 196 HGOS patients, a homogeneously treated group of 126 patients was considered for survival analyses (survival cohort). For 57 of these, treatment-related toxicity data were available (toxicity cohort).Eleven polymorphisms were associated with increased risk of developing HGOS (p < 0.05). The distribution of polymorphisms in patients was characterized by a higher Shannon entropy. In the survival cohort (n = 126, median follow-up = 126 months), genotypes of ABCC2_1249A/G, GGH_452T/C, TP53_IVS2+38G/C and CYP2B6*6 were associated with EFS (p < 0.05). In the toxicity cohort (n = 57), genotypes of ABCB1_1236T/C, ABCC2_1249A/G, ABCC2_3972A/G, ERCC1_8092T/G, XPD_23591A/G, XRCC3_18067T/C, MTHFR_1298A/C and GGH_16T/C were associated with elevated risk for toxicity development (p < 0.05).The results obtained in this retrospective study indicate that the aforementioned germline polymorphisms significantly impact on the risk of HGOS development, EFS and the occurrence of chemotherapy-related toxicity. These findings should be prospectively validated with the aim of optimizing and tailoring HGOS treatment in the near future.

Candidate germline polymorphisms of genes belonging to the pathways of four drugs used in osteosarcoma standard chemotherapy associated with risk, survival and toxicity in non-metastatic high-grade osteosarcoma

Roncato, Rossana;
2016-01-01

Abstract

This study aimed to identify associations between germline polymorphisms and risk of high-grade osteosarcoma (HGOS) development, event-free survival (EFS) and toxicity in HGOS patients treated with neo-adjuvant chemotherapy and surgery.Germline polymorphisms of 31 genes known to be relevant for transport or metabolism of all four drugs used in HGOS chemotherapy (methotrexate, doxorubicin, cisplatin and ifosfamide) were genotyped in 196 patients with HGOS and in 470 healthy age and gender-matched controls. Of these 196 HGOS patients, a homogeneously treated group of 126 patients was considered for survival analyses (survival cohort). For 57 of these, treatment-related toxicity data were available (toxicity cohort).Eleven polymorphisms were associated with increased risk of developing HGOS (p < 0.05). The distribution of polymorphisms in patients was characterized by a higher Shannon entropy. In the survival cohort (n = 126, median follow-up = 126 months), genotypes of ABCC2_1249A/G, GGH_452T/C, TP53_IVS2+38G/C and CYP2B6*6 were associated with EFS (p < 0.05). In the toxicity cohort (n = 57), genotypes of ABCB1_1236T/C, ABCC2_1249A/G, ABCC2_3972A/G, ERCC1_8092T/G, XPD_23591A/G, XRCC3_18067T/C, MTHFR_1298A/C and GGH_16T/C were associated with elevated risk for toxicity development (p < 0.05).The results obtained in this retrospective study indicate that the aforementioned germline polymorphisms significantly impact on the risk of HGOS development, EFS and the occurrence of chemotherapy-related toxicity. These findings should be prospectively validated with the aim of optimizing and tailoring HGOS treatment in the near future.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1235363
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