Due to the well-known phenomenon of antibiotic-resistance, there is a constant need for antibi-otics with novel mechanisms and different targets respect to those currently in use. In this regard, the antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) seem very promising by virtue of their bactericidal action, based on membrane permeabilization of susceptible microbes. Thanks to this feature, AMPs have broad activity spectrum, including antibiotic-resistant strains, and microbial biofilms. Addition-ally, several AMPs display properties that can help tissue regeneration. A possible interesting field of application for AMPs is the development of antimicrobial coatings for implantable medical devices (e.g., orthopaedic prostheses) to prevent device-related infection. In this review, we will take note of the state of the art of AMP-based coatings for orthopaedic prostheses. We will review the most recent studies by focusing on covalently linked AMPs to ti-tanium, their antimicrobial efficacy and plausible mode of action, and cytocompatibility. We will try to extrapolate some general rules for structure (orientation, density)-activity relationships, in order to identify the most suitable physical and chemical features of peptide candidates, and to optimize the coupling strategies to obtain antimicrobial surfaces with improved biological per-formance.

The potential of surface-immobilized antimicrobial peptides for the enhancement of orthopaedic medical devices: a review

Barbara Skerlavaj
Primo
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Due to the well-known phenomenon of antibiotic-resistance, there is a constant need for antibi-otics with novel mechanisms and different targets respect to those currently in use. In this regard, the antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) seem very promising by virtue of their bactericidal action, based on membrane permeabilization of susceptible microbes. Thanks to this feature, AMPs have broad activity spectrum, including antibiotic-resistant strains, and microbial biofilms. Addition-ally, several AMPs display properties that can help tissue regeneration. A possible interesting field of application for AMPs is the development of antimicrobial coatings for implantable medical devices (e.g., orthopaedic prostheses) to prevent device-related infection. In this review, we will take note of the state of the art of AMP-based coatings for orthopaedic prostheses. We will review the most recent studies by focusing on covalently linked AMPs to ti-tanium, their antimicrobial efficacy and plausible mode of action, and cytocompatibility. We will try to extrapolate some general rules for structure (orientation, density)-activity relationships, in order to identify the most suitable physical and chemical features of peptide candidates, and to optimize the coupling strategies to obtain antimicrobial surfaces with improved biological per-formance.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1239770
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