Background: Patients with unresectable Colorectal Liver Metastases (CLM) receiving palliative chemotherapy have a 5-year overall survival (OS) of less than 30%. Liver transplantation (LT) can improve OS up to 60%-83% (SECA-I and SECA-II trials). The aim of the study is to assess the efficacy of LT in liver-only metastatic CRC compared with a matched cohort of patients included in a phase III trial on triplet chemotherapy + antiEGFR. Patients and Methods: The COLT trial is an investigator-driven, multicenter, non-randomized, open-label, controlled, prospective, parallel trial (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03803436). Hyperselected patients with liver-limited unresectable CLM, RAS and BRAF wild-type and curatively removed primary colon cancer are included. The observed post-transplant outcomes will be prospectively compared 1:5 with those obtained in a matched cohort from the TRIPLETE trial (NCT03231722). Results: Primary endpoint is to compare the 3 and 5-years OS of patients enrolled in the COLT trial with COLT-eligible population enrolled in the TRIPLETE trial. An expected gain in OS of 40% at 5-years is predicted for the COLT population (the expected OS at 5-years in COLT vs. TRIPLETE is 70% vs. 30%). Secondary endpoints are to compare the 5-years disease-free survival and to assess the safety of LT (Dindo-Clavien Classification and the Comprehensive Complication Index). Conclusion: LT offers the longest OS reported in selected patients with CLM. Improving the selection strategies can give patients a 5-year OS similar to other indications for LT and a better outcome than those undergoing chemotherapy alone. (c) 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Improving Outcome of Selected Patients With Non-Resectable Hepatic Metastases From Colorectal Cancer With Liver Transplantation: A Prospective Parallel Trial (COLT trial)

Baccarani, Umberto;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Patients with unresectable Colorectal Liver Metastases (CLM) receiving palliative chemotherapy have a 5-year overall survival (OS) of less than 30%. Liver transplantation (LT) can improve OS up to 60%-83% (SECA-I and SECA-II trials). The aim of the study is to assess the efficacy of LT in liver-only metastatic CRC compared with a matched cohort of patients included in a phase III trial on triplet chemotherapy + antiEGFR. Patients and Methods: The COLT trial is an investigator-driven, multicenter, non-randomized, open-label, controlled, prospective, parallel trial (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03803436). Hyperselected patients with liver-limited unresectable CLM, RAS and BRAF wild-type and curatively removed primary colon cancer are included. The observed post-transplant outcomes will be prospectively compared 1:5 with those obtained in a matched cohort from the TRIPLETE trial (NCT03231722). Results: Primary endpoint is to compare the 3 and 5-years OS of patients enrolled in the COLT trial with COLT-eligible population enrolled in the TRIPLETE trial. An expected gain in OS of 40% at 5-years is predicted for the COLT population (the expected OS at 5-years in COLT vs. TRIPLETE is 70% vs. 30%). Secondary endpoints are to compare the 5-years disease-free survival and to assess the safety of LT (Dindo-Clavien Classification and the Comprehensive Complication Index). Conclusion: LT offers the longest OS reported in selected patients with CLM. Improving the selection strategies can give patients a 5-year OS similar to other indications for LT and a better outcome than those undergoing chemotherapy alone. (c) 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1253744
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