In plants the communication between organs is mainly carried out via the xylem and phloem. The concentration and the molecular species of some phytohormones, assimilates and inorganic ions that are translocated in the xylem vessel play a key role in the systemic nutritional signaling in plants. In this work the composition of the xylem sap of maize was investigated at the metabolic and ionomic level depending on the N form available in the nutrient solution. Plants were grown up to 7 days in hydroponic system under N-free nutrient solution or nutrient solution containing N in form of nitrate, urea, ammonium or a combination of urea and ammonium. For the first time this work provides evidence that the ureic nutrition reduced the water translocation in maize plants more than mineral N forms. This result correlates with those obtained from the analyses of photosynthetic parameters (stomatal conductance and transpiration rate) suggesting a parsimonious use of water by maize plants under urea nutrition. A peculiar composition in amino acids and phytohormones (i.e. S, Gln, Pro, ABA) of the xylem sap under urea nutrition could explain differences in xylem sap exudation in comparison to plants treated with mineral N forms. The knowledge improvement of urea nutrition will allow to further perform good agronomic strategies to improve the resilience of maize crop to water stress.

Nitrogen nutrition and xylem sap composition in Zea mays: effect of urea, ammonium and nitrate on ionomic and metabolic profiles

Buoso S.;Lodovici A.;Tomasi N.;Marroni F.;Alberti G.;Peressotti A.;Pinton R.;Zanin L.
2023-01-01

Abstract

In plants the communication between organs is mainly carried out via the xylem and phloem. The concentration and the molecular species of some phytohormones, assimilates and inorganic ions that are translocated in the xylem vessel play a key role in the systemic nutritional signaling in plants. In this work the composition of the xylem sap of maize was investigated at the metabolic and ionomic level depending on the N form available in the nutrient solution. Plants were grown up to 7 days in hydroponic system under N-free nutrient solution or nutrient solution containing N in form of nitrate, urea, ammonium or a combination of urea and ammonium. For the first time this work provides evidence that the ureic nutrition reduced the water translocation in maize plants more than mineral N forms. This result correlates with those obtained from the analyses of photosynthetic parameters (stomatal conductance and transpiration rate) suggesting a parsimonious use of water by maize plants under urea nutrition. A peculiar composition in amino acids and phytohormones (i.e. S, Gln, Pro, ABA) of the xylem sap under urea nutrition could explain differences in xylem sap exudation in comparison to plants treated with mineral N forms. The knowledge improvement of urea nutrition will allow to further perform good agronomic strategies to improve the resilience of maize crop to water stress.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1256844
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