: A wide interindividual variability in therapeutic response to cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 inhibitors (CDKis) palbociclib, ribociclib and abemaciclib, among patients with HR+/HER2- metastatic breast cancer has been reported. This study explored the impact of genetic polymorphisms in ADME genes (responsible for drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination) on CDKis safety profiles in 230 patients. Selected endpoints include grade 3/4 neutropenia at day 14 of the first treatment cycle, early dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), and dose reductions within the initial three cycles. Our analysis revealed associations between these endpoints and polymorphisms in CYP3A4, CYP3A5, ABCB1, and ABCG2 genes. Their impact on CDKis plasma concentrations (Ctrough) was also examined. Specifically, ABCB1 c.1236C>T and c.2677C>T polymorphisms correlated significantly with grade 3/4 neutropenia at day 14 (OR 3.94, 95% CI 1.32-11.75; p = 0.014 and OR 3.32, 95% CI 1.12-9.85; p = 0.030). Additionally, ABCB1 c.3435C>T was associated with an elevated risk of early DLTs and dose reductions (OR 3.28, 95% CI 1.22-8.84, p = 0.019; OR 2.60, 95% CI 1.20-5.60, p = 0.015). Carriers of the CYP3A4*22 allele also demonstrated in univariate a higher risk of early DLTs (OR 3.10, 95% CI 1.01-9.56, p = 0.049). Furthermore, individuals with the ABCB1 1236T-3435T-2677T(A) variant haplotype exhibited significant associations with grade 3/4 neutropenia at day 14 (OR 3.36, 95% CI 1.20-9.41; p = 0.021) and early DLTs in univariate (OR 3.08, 95% CI 1.19-7.95; p = 0.020). Homozygous carriers of the ABCB1 T-T-T(A) haplotype tended to have a higher mean ribociclib Ctrough (934.0 ng/mL vs. 752.0 ng/mL and 668.0 ng/mL). Regardless preliminary, these findings offer promising insights into the role of pharmacogenetic markers in CDKis safety profiles, potentially contributing to address the interindividual variability in CDKis responses.

Association of ADME gene polymorphisms on toxicity to CDK4/6 inhibitors in patients with HR+ HER2- metastatic breast cancer

Gerratana, Lorenzo;Bartoletti, Michele;Baraldo, Massimo;Puglisi, Fabio;Roncato, Rossana
2023-01-01

Abstract

: A wide interindividual variability in therapeutic response to cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 inhibitors (CDKis) palbociclib, ribociclib and abemaciclib, among patients with HR+/HER2- metastatic breast cancer has been reported. This study explored the impact of genetic polymorphisms in ADME genes (responsible for drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination) on CDKis safety profiles in 230 patients. Selected endpoints include grade 3/4 neutropenia at day 14 of the first treatment cycle, early dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), and dose reductions within the initial three cycles. Our analysis revealed associations between these endpoints and polymorphisms in CYP3A4, CYP3A5, ABCB1, and ABCG2 genes. Their impact on CDKis plasma concentrations (Ctrough) was also examined. Specifically, ABCB1 c.1236C>T and c.2677C>T polymorphisms correlated significantly with grade 3/4 neutropenia at day 14 (OR 3.94, 95% CI 1.32-11.75; p = 0.014 and OR 3.32, 95% CI 1.12-9.85; p = 0.030). Additionally, ABCB1 c.3435C>T was associated with an elevated risk of early DLTs and dose reductions (OR 3.28, 95% CI 1.22-8.84, p = 0.019; OR 2.60, 95% CI 1.20-5.60, p = 0.015). Carriers of the CYP3A4*22 allele also demonstrated in univariate a higher risk of early DLTs (OR 3.10, 95% CI 1.01-9.56, p = 0.049). Furthermore, individuals with the ABCB1 1236T-3435T-2677T(A) variant haplotype exhibited significant associations with grade 3/4 neutropenia at day 14 (OR 3.36, 95% CI 1.20-9.41; p = 0.021) and early DLTs in univariate (OR 3.08, 95% CI 1.19-7.95; p = 0.020). Homozygous carriers of the ABCB1 T-T-T(A) haplotype tended to have a higher mean ribociclib Ctrough (934.0 ng/mL vs. 752.0 ng/mL and 668.0 ng/mL). Regardless preliminary, these findings offer promising insights into the role of pharmacogenetic markers in CDKis safety profiles, potentially contributing to address the interindividual variability in CDKis responses.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/1260204
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