The localization of the epileptogenic focus relies on different factors. In patients with partial seizures, asymmetries in EEG background activity were measured by a statistical evaluation of spectral data. Neurophysiological results were compared with neuropsychological findings and MRI. Fifteen of 22 patients showed asymmetries in EEG background activity. The most prominent abnormality was a statistically significant increase of slow activity observed in 59% of cases. Delta asymmetry coincided with the site of lesions, evidenced by MRI, in 83% of patients; with the site of decreased beta activity in 60% and with the maximum level of spiking activity in 58% of cases. Neuropsychological tests showed a lateralization of the hemispheric function which coincided with delta asymmetry in 33% of patients. These results suggest that the EEG background activity, when compared with other parameters, may represent a useful method in lateralizing the epileptogenic focus.
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