An elementary proof of the classic Routh method for counting the number of left half-plane and right half-plane zeros of a real coefficient polynomial Pn(s) of degree n is given. Such a proof refers to the polynomials Pi(s) of degree i⩽n formed from the entries of the rows of order i and i-1 of the relevant Routh array. In particular, it is based on the consideration of an auxiliary polynomial Pi(s; q), linearly dependent on a real parameter q, which reduces to either polynomial Pi(s) or to polynomial Pi-1(s) for particular values of q. In this way, it is easy to show that i-1 zeroes of Pi(s) lie in the same half-plane as the zeros of Pi(s), and the remaining zero lies in the left or in the right half-plane according to the sign of the ratio of the leading coefficients of Pi(s) and Pi-1(s). By successively applying this property to all pairs of polynomials in the sequence, starting from Po(s) and P1(s), the standard rule for determining the zero distribution of Pn(s) is immediately derived

### A simple proof of the Routh test

#### Abstract

An elementary proof of the classic Routh method for counting the number of left half-plane and right half-plane zeros of a real coefficient polynomial Pn(s) of degree n is given. Such a proof refers to the polynomials Pi(s) of degree i⩽n formed from the entries of the rows of order i and i-1 of the relevant Routh array. In particular, it is based on the consideration of an auxiliary polynomial Pi(s; q), linearly dependent on a real parameter q, which reduces to either polynomial Pi(s) or to polynomial Pi-1(s) for particular values of q. In this way, it is easy to show that i-1 zeroes of Pi(s) lie in the same half-plane as the zeros of Pi(s), and the remaining zero lies in the left or in the right half-plane according to the sign of the ratio of the leading coefficients of Pi(s) and Pi-1(s). By successively applying this property to all pairs of polynomials in the sequence, starting from Po(s) and P1(s), the standard rule for determining the zero distribution of Pn(s) is immediately derived
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `http://hdl.handle.net/11390/674627`
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