It has been shown previously that erythropoietin expression in vitro by hepatoma cells increases in response to hypoxia. To verify whether hypoxia of the tumor might result in hepatic release of erythropoietin in vivo, serum erythropoietin concentrations were measured immunoenzymatically in 12 patients (5 women, 7 men) who underwent transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma. Peripheral blood samples were collected at baseline, and after 6 hours and 1, 2, 3, and 7 days after the procedure. In a second set of experiments, performed in three male patients also undergoing chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma, paired blood samples were collected after catheterization of the hepatic veins and of the right antecubital vein. None of the patients had erythrocytosis. In comparison with a baseline mean value +/- SEM of 100.6 +/- 12.6 micrograms/L, serum erythropoietin concentrations were the following; +6 hours, 55.4 +/- 18.0 (P < .001); +1 day, 102.4 +/- 24.7 (P = NS), +2 days, 183.0 +/- 31.1 (P < .05); +3 days, 155.0 +/- 26.0 (P < .05); +7 days, 153.3 +/- 27.4 (P < .05) (matched Student's t-test). The ratio of hepatic vein/antecubital vein serum erythropoietin concentrations increased from 0.85 at baseline to 1.30 at +2 days, paralleling the increase of aspartate transaminase (r = .914, P < .005). After chemoembolization, no correlation was found between serum erythropoietin and alpha-1-fetoprotein concentrations. The concentration of the latter, stable initially, decreased 7 days after the procedure.

Hepatic release of erythropoietin induced by transarterial chemoembolization in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

TONIUTTO, Pierluigi;
1995

Abstract

It has been shown previously that erythropoietin expression in vitro by hepatoma cells increases in response to hypoxia. To verify whether hypoxia of the tumor might result in hepatic release of erythropoietin in vivo, serum erythropoietin concentrations were measured immunoenzymatically in 12 patients (5 women, 7 men) who underwent transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma. Peripheral blood samples were collected at baseline, and after 6 hours and 1, 2, 3, and 7 days after the procedure. In a second set of experiments, performed in three male patients also undergoing chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma, paired blood samples were collected after catheterization of the hepatic veins and of the right antecubital vein. None of the patients had erythrocytosis. In comparison with a baseline mean value +/- SEM of 100.6 +/- 12.6 micrograms/L, serum erythropoietin concentrations were the following; +6 hours, 55.4 +/- 18.0 (P < .001); +1 day, 102.4 +/- 24.7 (P = NS), +2 days, 183.0 +/- 31.1 (P < .05); +3 days, 155.0 +/- 26.0 (P < .05); +7 days, 153.3 +/- 27.4 (P < .05) (matched Student's t-test). The ratio of hepatic vein/antecubital vein serum erythropoietin concentrations increased from 0.85 at baseline to 1.30 at +2 days, paralleling the increase of aspartate transaminase (r = .914, P < .005). After chemoembolization, no correlation was found between serum erythropoietin and alpha-1-fetoprotein concentrations. The concentration of the latter, stable initially, decreased 7 days after the procedure.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/683856
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