Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1997;76(5):389-93. Consistency of nephron filtration measurements by collection of total tubular fluid from different proximal sites. Romano G, Damato R, Favret G, Bartoli E. SourceDepartment of Internal Medicine, DPMSC, University of Udine, Medical School, Italy. Abstract The stability of single nephron glomerular filtration rate (SNGFR) is assured by specific mechanisms such as the tubulo-glomerular feedback system and autoregulation. Studies on renal physiology rely heavily on the measurements of SNGFR, which are feasible only in animals. The measurement of SNGFR by collection of total tubular fluid may be influenced by the fall in intratubular hydrostatic pressure that may reflect the negative pressure applied to the sampling pipette. This effect may become more important with shortening of the distance between the sampling site and the Bowman space. We analysed this putative effect by performing collections of total tubular fluid from the late proximal (LP), and then from the early proximal (EP) segment of the same nephrons. In 128 paired collections LP-SNGFR averaged 35 (SEM 2) nl x min(-1), and was no different from the paired mean EP-SNGFR of 37 (SEM 2) nl x min(-1), P > 0.179. Then EP- and LP- SNGFR were significantly correlated (r = 0.77, P < 0.001). As expected, the respective paired means of absolute and percentage reabsorptions, and those of collection rates were significantly different. The average SNGFR computed from each LP and EP paired measurement was significantly correlated with the simultaneously measured kidney glomerular filtration rate, GFR (r = 0.60, P < 0.0001). The ratio of GFR to SNGFR indicated the expected number of glomeruli. These data would indicate that the sampling site does not influence the measurement of SNGFR in the proximal tubule when the total fluid collection technique is correctly performed. They also exclude a time-dependent activation of the macula densa capable of upregulating SNGFR within the interval elapsing between the beginning of LP and the completion of EP collections, which in our study averaged 4.4 (SEM 0.1) min.

Consistency of nephron filtration measurements by collection of tubular total fluid from different proximal sites

ROMANO, Giulio;
1997

Abstract

Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1997;76(5):389-93. Consistency of nephron filtration measurements by collection of total tubular fluid from different proximal sites. Romano G, Damato R, Favret G, Bartoli E. SourceDepartment of Internal Medicine, DPMSC, University of Udine, Medical School, Italy. Abstract The stability of single nephron glomerular filtration rate (SNGFR) is assured by specific mechanisms such as the tubulo-glomerular feedback system and autoregulation. Studies on renal physiology rely heavily on the measurements of SNGFR, which are feasible only in animals. The measurement of SNGFR by collection of total tubular fluid may be influenced by the fall in intratubular hydrostatic pressure that may reflect the negative pressure applied to the sampling pipette. This effect may become more important with shortening of the distance between the sampling site and the Bowman space. We analysed this putative effect by performing collections of total tubular fluid from the late proximal (LP), and then from the early proximal (EP) segment of the same nephrons. In 128 paired collections LP-SNGFR averaged 35 (SEM 2) nl x min(-1), and was no different from the paired mean EP-SNGFR of 37 (SEM 2) nl x min(-1), P > 0.179. Then EP- and LP- SNGFR were significantly correlated (r = 0.77, P < 0.001). As expected, the respective paired means of absolute and percentage reabsorptions, and those of collection rates were significantly different. The average SNGFR computed from each LP and EP paired measurement was significantly correlated with the simultaneously measured kidney glomerular filtration rate, GFR (r = 0.60, P < 0.0001). The ratio of GFR to SNGFR indicated the expected number of glomeruli. These data would indicate that the sampling site does not influence the measurement of SNGFR in the proximal tubule when the total fluid collection technique is correctly performed. They also exclude a time-dependent activation of the macula densa capable of upregulating SNGFR within the interval elapsing between the beginning of LP and the completion of EP collections, which in our study averaged 4.4 (SEM 0.1) min.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/683913
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