Am J Reprod Immunol. 2008 Sep;60(3):274-81. Epub 2008 Jul 18. Evaluation of semen detection in vaginal secretions: comparison of four methods. Culhane JF, Nyirjesy P, McCollum K, Casabellata G, Di Santolo M, Cauci S. SourceDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Abstract PROBLEM: To determine the best method to detect semen in human vaginal secretions. METHOD OF STUDY: Vaginal secretions from 302 pregnant women at mean 11.8 weeks' gestation were analyzed. Semen detection was assessed with: (i) measurement of total prostate-specific antigen (PSA), (ii) acid phosphatase activity, (iii) microscopic measurement of spermatozoa on Gram stain, and (iv) self-reported sexual intercourse in the past 2 days. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated for each technique in comparison with PSA levels. RESULTS: A total of 119 (39.4%) women had a detectable PSA. Compared with measurable PSA, the sensitivity and specificity for other methods were: acid phosphatase (26.9%, 98.4%), Gram stain (36.1%, 98.4%), and self-report of intercourse in the past 48 hr (41.9%, 88.8%). CONCLUSION: Compared with PSA levels, commonly used assays for recent semen exposure are inaccurate. This inaccuracy may affect the results of studies, which measure vaginal immune factors like cytokines or retrieve DNA from vaginal specimens.

Evaluation of semen detection in vaginal secretions: comparison of four methods

CAUCI, Sabina
2008

Abstract

Am J Reprod Immunol. 2008 Sep;60(3):274-81. Epub 2008 Jul 18. Evaluation of semen detection in vaginal secretions: comparison of four methods. Culhane JF, Nyirjesy P, McCollum K, Casabellata G, Di Santolo M, Cauci S. SourceDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Abstract PROBLEM: To determine the best method to detect semen in human vaginal secretions. METHOD OF STUDY: Vaginal secretions from 302 pregnant women at mean 11.8 weeks' gestation were analyzed. Semen detection was assessed with: (i) measurement of total prostate-specific antigen (PSA), (ii) acid phosphatase activity, (iii) microscopic measurement of spermatozoa on Gram stain, and (iv) self-reported sexual intercourse in the past 2 days. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated for each technique in comparison with PSA levels. RESULTS: A total of 119 (39.4%) women had a detectable PSA. Compared with measurable PSA, the sensitivity and specificity for other methods were: acid phosphatase (26.9%, 98.4%), Gram stain (36.1%, 98.4%), and self-report of intercourse in the past 48 hr (41.9%, 88.8%). CONCLUSION: Compared with PSA levels, commonly used assays for recent semen exposure are inaccurate. This inaccuracy may affect the results of studies, which measure vaginal immune factors like cytokines or retrieve DNA from vaginal specimens.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/689782
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