BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies (MRS) reported abnormally low levels of N-acetylaspartate (NAA, a marker of neuronal integrity) in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) of adult bipolar patients, suggesting possible neuronal dysfunction. Furthermore, recent MRS reports suggested possible lithium-induced increase in NAA levels in bipolar patients. We examined with in vivo (1)H MRS NAA levels in the DLPFC of adult bipolar patients. METHODS: Ten DSM-IV bipolar disorder patients (6 lithium-treated, 4 drug-free) and 32 healthy controls underwent a short echo-time 1H MRS session, which localized an 8 cm3 single-voxel in the left DLPFC using a STEAM sequence. RESULTS: No significant differences between the two groups were found for NAA, choline-containing molecules (GPC+PC), or phosphocreatine plus creatine (PCr+Cr) (Student t-test, p > 0.05). Nonetheless, NAA/PCr+Cr ratios were significantly increased in lithium-treated bipolar subjects compared to unmedicated patients and healthy controls (Mann-Whitney U-test, p < 0.05). LIMITATIONS: Relatively small sample size may have reduced the statistical power of our analyses and the utilization of a single-voxel approach did not allow for the examination of other cortical brain areas. CONCLUSIONS: This study did not find abnormally reduced levels of NAA in left DLPFC of adult bipolar patients, in a sample of patients who were mostly on medications. However, elevated NAA/PCr+Cr ratios were shown in lithium-treated bipolar patients. Longitudinal 1H MRS studies should further examine NAA levels in prefrontal cortex regions in untreated bipolar patients before and after mood stabilizing treatment.

(1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy investigation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in bipolar disorder patients

BRAMBILLA, Paolo;
2005

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies (MRS) reported abnormally low levels of N-acetylaspartate (NAA, a marker of neuronal integrity) in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) of adult bipolar patients, suggesting possible neuronal dysfunction. Furthermore, recent MRS reports suggested possible lithium-induced increase in NAA levels in bipolar patients. We examined with in vivo (1)H MRS NAA levels in the DLPFC of adult bipolar patients. METHODS: Ten DSM-IV bipolar disorder patients (6 lithium-treated, 4 drug-free) and 32 healthy controls underwent a short echo-time 1H MRS session, which localized an 8 cm3 single-voxel in the left DLPFC using a STEAM sequence. RESULTS: No significant differences between the two groups were found for NAA, choline-containing molecules (GPC+PC), or phosphocreatine plus creatine (PCr+Cr) (Student t-test, p > 0.05). Nonetheless, NAA/PCr+Cr ratios were significantly increased in lithium-treated bipolar subjects compared to unmedicated patients and healthy controls (Mann-Whitney U-test, p < 0.05). LIMITATIONS: Relatively small sample size may have reduced the statistical power of our analyses and the utilization of a single-voxel approach did not allow for the examination of other cortical brain areas. CONCLUSIONS: This study did not find abnormally reduced levels of NAA in left DLPFC of adult bipolar patients, in a sample of patients who were mostly on medications. However, elevated NAA/PCr+Cr ratios were shown in lithium-treated bipolar patients. Longitudinal 1H MRS studies should further examine NAA levels in prefrontal cortex regions in untreated bipolar patients before and after mood stabilizing treatment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/691495
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