Background. Insulin resistance and hypertension are present in Sprague-Dawley rats fed a fructose-enriched diet. In these rats, insulin might elevate blood pressure via an antinatriuretic action. Methods. To investigate the sodium-insulin interaction in fructose-fed rats, we compared insulin sensitivity, insulin receptor binding, and insulin receptor mRNA levels in the kidney and skeletal muscle of rats that were fed standard rat chow or a fructose-enriched diet (66%) with either low (0.07%), normal (0.3%), or high (7.5%) NaCl concentrations for 3 weeks. Results. Systolic blood pressure increased in the fructose-fed rats receiving the normal and high-salt diet, but not the low-salt diet.When the rats were fed the low-salt diet, the rate of glucose infusion required to maintain euglycemia during a hyperinsulinemic clamp and insulin receptor number and mRNA levels in skeletal muscle were lower in fructose-fed than control rats. High-salt diet decreased significantly the rate of glucose disposal during the clamp and muscular insulin receptor number and mRNA levels in control, but not fructose-fed rats. During the low-salt diet, renal insulin receptor number and mRNA levels were comparable in fructose-fed and control rats and hyperinsulinemia had comparable acute antinatriuretic effects in the two groups; when the rats were maintained on the high-salt diet, the expected decrease in renal insulin receptor number and mRNA levels occurred in control but not fructose-fed rats and, consistent with this finding, the antinatriuretic response to hyperinsulinemia was blunted only in controls. An inverse relationship between dietary NaCl content and renal insulin receptor mRNA levels was observed in control but not fructose-fed rats. Conclusion. Fructose-fed rats appear to have lost the feedback mechanism that limits insulin-induced sodium retention through a down-regulation of the renal insulin receptor when the dietary NaCl content is increased. This abnormality might possibly contribute to the elevation of blood pressure in these rats.

Insulin receptors and renal sodium handling in hypertensive fructose-fed rats

CATENA, Cristiana;CAVARAPE, Alessandro;SECHI, Leonardo Alberto
2003-01-01

Abstract

Background. Insulin resistance and hypertension are present in Sprague-Dawley rats fed a fructose-enriched diet. In these rats, insulin might elevate blood pressure via an antinatriuretic action. Methods. To investigate the sodium-insulin interaction in fructose-fed rats, we compared insulin sensitivity, insulin receptor binding, and insulin receptor mRNA levels in the kidney and skeletal muscle of rats that were fed standard rat chow or a fructose-enriched diet (66%) with either low (0.07%), normal (0.3%), or high (7.5%) NaCl concentrations for 3 weeks. Results. Systolic blood pressure increased in the fructose-fed rats receiving the normal and high-salt diet, but not the low-salt diet.When the rats were fed the low-salt diet, the rate of glucose infusion required to maintain euglycemia during a hyperinsulinemic clamp and insulin receptor number and mRNA levels in skeletal muscle were lower in fructose-fed than control rats. High-salt diet decreased significantly the rate of glucose disposal during the clamp and muscular insulin receptor number and mRNA levels in control, but not fructose-fed rats. During the low-salt diet, renal insulin receptor number and mRNA levels were comparable in fructose-fed and control rats and hyperinsulinemia had comparable acute antinatriuretic effects in the two groups; when the rats were maintained on the high-salt diet, the expected decrease in renal insulin receptor number and mRNA levels occurred in control but not fructose-fed rats and, consistent with this finding, the antinatriuretic response to hyperinsulinemia was blunted only in controls. An inverse relationship between dietary NaCl content and renal insulin receptor mRNA levels was observed in control but not fructose-fed rats. Conclusion. Fructose-fed rats appear to have lost the feedback mechanism that limits insulin-induced sodium retention through a down-regulation of the renal insulin receptor when the dietary NaCl content is increased. This abnormality might possibly contribute to the elevation of blood pressure in these rats.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/713240
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