To assess whether the initial status of lipid metabolism in patients with chronic viral hepatitis might correlate with outcome of therapy, 52 patients (32 males and 20 female) with chronic hepatitis C were studied: 44 were treated with human recombinant interferon-alpha 2b (3 MU three times per week for up to 12 months), and 8 served as controls. At baseline, sera were tested for total and HDL cholesterol, HDL2, HDL3, apolipoprotein A-I, apolipoprotein B, interferon-alpha, tumor necrosis factor, and interleukin-6. Changes in blood lipids were evaluated after 3, 30, and 90 days of treatment. HDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein A-I, and HDL3 decreased by 9.4-11.4% within 4 weeks of starting interferon treatment, but this effect was sustained only in patients with a primary response to interferon. On multivariate analysis, a primary response to interferon correlated with higher apolipoprotein A-I and lower (< 2.23 pg/ml) interleukin-6 levels (p < 0.005 for both). In contrast, a sustained response was significantly more common in patients with low (< or = 13.3 pg/ml) serum interferon-alpha and lower interleukin-6 at baseline but did not correlate with any of the blood lipids. Thus, in chronic hepatitis C, interferon treatment induces specific changes in blood lipids. The concentration of apolipoprotein A-I at baseline is a strong predictor of primary response to treatment, and the likelihood of sustained response seems to be reflected by lower cytokine activation.

Changes in blood lipid composition and response to interferon treatment in chronic hepatitis C

TONIUTTO, Pierluigi;GONANO, Fabio;
1995

Abstract

To assess whether the initial status of lipid metabolism in patients with chronic viral hepatitis might correlate with outcome of therapy, 52 patients (32 males and 20 female) with chronic hepatitis C were studied: 44 were treated with human recombinant interferon-alpha 2b (3 MU three times per week for up to 12 months), and 8 served as controls. At baseline, sera were tested for total and HDL cholesterol, HDL2, HDL3, apolipoprotein A-I, apolipoprotein B, interferon-alpha, tumor necrosis factor, and interleukin-6. Changes in blood lipids were evaluated after 3, 30, and 90 days of treatment. HDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein A-I, and HDL3 decreased by 9.4-11.4% within 4 weeks of starting interferon treatment, but this effect was sustained only in patients with a primary response to interferon. On multivariate analysis, a primary response to interferon correlated with higher apolipoprotein A-I and lower (< 2.23 pg/ml) interleukin-6 levels (p < 0.005 for both). In contrast, a sustained response was significantly more common in patients with low (< or = 13.3 pg/ml) serum interferon-alpha and lower interleukin-6 at baseline but did not correlate with any of the blood lipids. Thus, in chronic hepatitis C, interferon treatment induces specific changes in blood lipids. The concentration of apolipoprotein A-I at baseline is a strong predictor of primary response to treatment, and the likelihood of sustained response seems to be reflected by lower cytokine activation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/718847
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