Samples of ceria–zirconia pre-treated under various conditions have been used as catalysts in CO and soot oxidation under stationary and transient conditions, in the presence and in the absence of oxygen. Their behaviour has been compared with that observed under redox conditions in the presence of hydrogen (oxygen storage activity). All the catalysts are active in CO and soot oxidation. Under stationary conditions, the activity in CO oxidation depends on the amount of Ce present, with little contribution from the redox capacity of the support and is strongly influenced by surface area. When the reaction is carried out under transient conditions, especially with low-surface area samples, the performances of ceria– zirconia are higher than those of ceria, with a maximum in the middle composition range. Interestingly, a similar behaviour is observed in soot combustion, where the activity for low-surface area sample is dependent on composition. This suggests that oxygen from the support plays a key role also in the oxidation of large carbon particles under a fully oxidizing mixture.

Insights into the Dynamics of Oxygen Storage/Release Phenomena in Model Ceria-Zirconia Catalysts as Inferred from Transient Studies Using H2, CO and Soot as Reductants

ANEGGI, Eleonora;BOARO, Marta;DE LEITENBURG, Carla;DOLCETTI, Giuliano;TROVARELLI, Alessandro
2006

Abstract

Samples of ceria–zirconia pre-treated under various conditions have been used as catalysts in CO and soot oxidation under stationary and transient conditions, in the presence and in the absence of oxygen. Their behaviour has been compared with that observed under redox conditions in the presence of hydrogen (oxygen storage activity). All the catalysts are active in CO and soot oxidation. Under stationary conditions, the activity in CO oxidation depends on the amount of Ce present, with little contribution from the redox capacity of the support and is strongly influenced by surface area. When the reaction is carried out under transient conditions, especially with low-surface area samples, the performances of ceria– zirconia are higher than those of ceria, with a maximum in the middle composition range. Interestingly, a similar behaviour is observed in soot combustion, where the activity for low-surface area sample is dependent on composition. This suggests that oxygen from the support plays a key role also in the oxidation of large carbon particles under a fully oxidizing mixture.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/853432
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