The best therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still debated. Hepatic resection (HR) is the treatment of choice for single HCC in Child A patients, whereas liver transplantation (OLT) is usually reserved for Child B and C patients with multiple nodules. The aim of this study was to compare HR and OLT for HCC within the Milan criteria on an intention-to-treat basis. Forty-eight patients were treated by OLT and 38 by HR. Three- and 5-year patient survival rates were significantly higher (P = .0057) in the OLT group (79% and 74%) than after HR (61% and 26%). The 3- and 5-year disease-free survival rate was better (P = .0005) for OLT (74% and 74%) versus HR (41% and 11%). The probability of HCC recurrences after resection was greater (P = .0002) than after transplantation, achieving 31% and 76% for HR and 2% and 2% for OLT at 3 and 5 years after surgery. The median waiting list time was 118 days; two patients dropped out for HCC progression. We concluded that OLT is superior to HR for small HCC in cirrhotic patients assuming that OLT can be performed within 6 to 10 months after listing to reduce dropouts due to tumor progression.

Superiority of transplantation versus resection for the treatment of small hepatocellular carcinoma RID A-6456-2009 RID A-8026-2008

BACCARANI, Umberto;LORENZIN, Dario;BRESADOLA, Vittorio;UZZAU, Alessandro;RISALITI, Andrea;BELTRAMI, Carlo Alberto;BRESADOLA, Fabrizio
2007

Abstract

The best therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still debated. Hepatic resection (HR) is the treatment of choice for single HCC in Child A patients, whereas liver transplantation (OLT) is usually reserved for Child B and C patients with multiple nodules. The aim of this study was to compare HR and OLT for HCC within the Milan criteria on an intention-to-treat basis. Forty-eight patients were treated by OLT and 38 by HR. Three- and 5-year patient survival rates were significantly higher (P = .0057) in the OLT group (79% and 74%) than after HR (61% and 26%). The 3- and 5-year disease-free survival rate was better (P = .0005) for OLT (74% and 74%) versus HR (41% and 11%). The probability of HCC recurrences after resection was greater (P = .0002) than after transplantation, achieving 31% and 76% for HR and 2% and 2% for OLT at 3 and 5 years after surgery. The median waiting list time was 118 days; two patients dropped out for HCC progression. We concluded that OLT is superior to HR for small HCC in cirrhotic patients assuming that OLT can be performed within 6 to 10 months after listing to reduce dropouts due to tumor progression.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/857800
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