PURPOSE: The authors compared the accuracy of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) visual analysis (VA) vs. apparent diffusion coefficient quantification (ADC-Q) in assessing malignancy of solid focal liver lesions (FLLs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a 1.5-T system, two radiologists retrospectively assessed as benign or malignant 50 solid FLLs: (a) by VA of signal intensity on DWI images at b=800 s/mm(2) and ADC map; (b) by quantifying lesion ADC. Reference standard included histology or follow-up confirmation of diagnosis by a consensus panel. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed. RESULTS BECAUSE OF 20 FALSE-NEGATIVE HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMAS, VA SHOWED LOWER ACCURACY THAN ADC-Q (52.0% VS. 68.0%). HOWEVER, STRATIFIED ACCURACY FOR METASTASES WAS HIGHER WITH VA (75.0 VS. 66%). ADC AND SIGNAL FEATURES OF MALIGNANT AND BENIGN FLLS WERE FOUND TO LARGELY OVERLAP: CONCLUSIONS: VA performed worse than ADC-Q for hepatocellular carcinoma and better for metastases. Overall, the accuracy of both methods was limited because of the overlap in visual appearance and ADC values between solid benign and malignant FLLs.

Accuracy of visual analysis vs. apparent diffusion coefficient quantification in differentiating solid benign and malignant focal liver lesions with diffusion-weighted imaging.

GIROMETTI, Rossano;BAZZOCCHI, Massimo;ZUIANI, Chiara
2013

Abstract

PURPOSE: The authors compared the accuracy of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) visual analysis (VA) vs. apparent diffusion coefficient quantification (ADC-Q) in assessing malignancy of solid focal liver lesions (FLLs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a 1.5-T system, two radiologists retrospectively assessed as benign or malignant 50 solid FLLs: (a) by VA of signal intensity on DWI images at b=800 s/mm(2) and ADC map; (b) by quantifying lesion ADC. Reference standard included histology or follow-up confirmation of diagnosis by a consensus panel. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed. RESULTS BECAUSE OF 20 FALSE-NEGATIVE HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMAS, VA SHOWED LOWER ACCURACY THAN ADC-Q (52.0% VS. 68.0%). HOWEVER, STRATIFIED ACCURACY FOR METASTASES WAS HIGHER WITH VA (75.0 VS. 66%). ADC AND SIGNAL FEATURES OF MALIGNANT AND BENIGN FLLS WERE FOUND TO LARGELY OVERLAP: CONCLUSIONS: VA performed worse than ADC-Q for hepatocellular carcinoma and better for metastases. Overall, the accuracy of both methods was limited because of the overlap in visual appearance and ADC values between solid benign and malignant FLLs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/867854
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