BACKGROUND: Plants differ in their response to high aluminium (Al) concentrations which typically cause toxicity in plants grown on acidic soils. The response depends on plant species and environmental conditions such as substrate and cultivation system. The present study aimed to assess Al-phosphate (P) dynamics in the rhizosphere of two bean species, Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. Red Kidney and Phaseolus lunatus L., in rhizobox experiments. RESULTS: Root activity of the bean species induced up to a 7-fold increase in exchangeable Al and up to a 30-fold decrease of extractable P. High soluble Al concentrations triggered the release of plantspecific carboxylates, which differed between soil type and plant species. The results suggest that P. vulgaris L. mitigates Al stress by an internal defence mechanism and P. lunatus L. by an external one, both mechanisms involving organic acids. CONCLUSION: Rhizosphere mechanisms involved in Al detoxification were found to be different for P. vulgaris L. and P. lunatus L., suggesting that these processes are plant species specific. P. vulgaris L. accumulates Al in the shoots (internal tolerance mechanism) while P. lunatus L. prevents Al uptake by releasing organic acids (exclusion mechanism) into the growth media.

Aluminium-phosphate interactions in the rhizosphere of two bean species: Phaseolus lunatus L. and Phaseolus vulgaris L.

TOMASI, Nicola;PINTON, Roberto;
2013

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Plants differ in their response to high aluminium (Al) concentrations which typically cause toxicity in plants grown on acidic soils. The response depends on plant species and environmental conditions such as substrate and cultivation system. The present study aimed to assess Al-phosphate (P) dynamics in the rhizosphere of two bean species, Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. Red Kidney and Phaseolus lunatus L., in rhizobox experiments. RESULTS: Root activity of the bean species induced up to a 7-fold increase in exchangeable Al and up to a 30-fold decrease of extractable P. High soluble Al concentrations triggered the release of plantspecific carboxylates, which differed between soil type and plant species. The results suggest that P. vulgaris L. mitigates Al stress by an internal defence mechanism and P. lunatus L. by an external one, both mechanisms involving organic acids. CONCLUSION: Rhizosphere mechanisms involved in Al detoxification were found to be different for P. vulgaris L. and P. lunatus L., suggesting that these processes are plant species specific. P. vulgaris L. accumulates Al in the shoots (internal tolerance mechanism) while P. lunatus L. prevents Al uptake by releasing organic acids (exclusion mechanism) into the growth media.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/871415
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