APE/Ref-1 is a multifunctional protein possessing both redox and DNA repair functions. Through its redox activity, APE/Ref-1 controls the DNA-binding function of several transcriptional regulators (AP1, NF-κB, p53, Pax proteins). We have previously shown that APE/Ref-1 upregulates the transcriptional activity of the thyroid-specific transcription factor Pax8. In thyroid cells, APE/Ref-1 can be detected both in the nuclear and cytoplasmatic compartments. In this study regulatory mechanisms acting on APE/Ref-1 were revealed using the FRTL-5 cell line. TSH induces both cytoplasm-to-nucleus translocation and neosynthesis of APE/Ref-1 protein. Interestingly, only neosynthesis is dependent on cAMP signalling. In contrast, the cytoplasm-to-nucleus translocation is dependent on redox-mediated mechanisms. Based upon the data shown in this study and in others, a bimodal control of APE/Ref-1 by TSH can be delineated

APE/Ref-1 is controlled by both redox and cAMP-dependent mechanisms in rat thyroid cells

TELL, Gianluca;LONIGRO, Incoronata;DI LORETO, Carla;DAMANTE, Giuseppe
2002

Abstract

APE/Ref-1 is a multifunctional protein possessing both redox and DNA repair functions. Through its redox activity, APE/Ref-1 controls the DNA-binding function of several transcriptional regulators (AP1, NF-κB, p53, Pax proteins). We have previously shown that APE/Ref-1 upregulates the transcriptional activity of the thyroid-specific transcription factor Pax8. In thyroid cells, APE/Ref-1 can be detected both in the nuclear and cytoplasmatic compartments. In this study regulatory mechanisms acting on APE/Ref-1 were revealed using the FRTL-5 cell line. TSH induces both cytoplasm-to-nucleus translocation and neosynthesis of APE/Ref-1 protein. Interestingly, only neosynthesis is dependent on cAMP signalling. In contrast, the cytoplasm-to-nucleus translocation is dependent on redox-mediated mechanisms. Based upon the data shown in this study and in others, a bimodal control of APE/Ref-1 by TSH can be delineated
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11390/876967
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