In the Friuli-Venezia Giulia, a region of Italy, where serious epidemics of apple proliferation (AP) are known to occur, varieties resistant to scab (Venturia inaequalis (Cke.) Wint.) are increasingly being used in new orchards. The most important cvs are Florina, Prima and Priscilla. These varieties were planted from 1985 to 1990 in numerous orchards which were cultivated according to organic farming regimes with no insecticides used. The results obtained in two orchards during a 7-year period of investigation indicated that the three varieties resistant to scab are highly susceptible to AP. Florina was most susceptible (high infection rate) to AP while Priscilla was most sensitive (severely affected). The identification of the disease was based on symptom expression, DAPI (4'-6-diamidino-2-phenylindole) fluorescence technique, electron microscopy observations and by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Neither complete spontaneous recovery nor death of AP-infected plants was noticed. The pattern of natural diffusion of AP does not seem to be uniform: the affected trees may be in line or grouped in certain spots of the orchards. This may indicate the activity of a not very mobile vector. It can be concluded that planting of Florina, Prima and Priscilla should be discouraged in areas where AP is a problem, particularly when organic farming regimes are being applied.

APPLE PROLIFERATION EPIDEMICS DETECTED IN SCAB-RESISTANT APPLE TREES

LOI, Nazia;CARRARO, Luigi;MUSETTI, Rita;FIRRAO, Giuseppe;OSLER, Ruggero
1995

Abstract

In the Friuli-Venezia Giulia, a region of Italy, where serious epidemics of apple proliferation (AP) are known to occur, varieties resistant to scab (Venturia inaequalis (Cke.) Wint.) are increasingly being used in new orchards. The most important cvs are Florina, Prima and Priscilla. These varieties were planted from 1985 to 1990 in numerous orchards which were cultivated according to organic farming regimes with no insecticides used. The results obtained in two orchards during a 7-year period of investigation indicated that the three varieties resistant to scab are highly susceptible to AP. Florina was most susceptible (high infection rate) to AP while Priscilla was most sensitive (severely affected). The identification of the disease was based on symptom expression, DAPI (4'-6-diamidino-2-phenylindole) fluorescence technique, electron microscopy observations and by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Neither complete spontaneous recovery nor death of AP-infected plants was noticed. The pattern of natural diffusion of AP does not seem to be uniform: the affected trees may be in line or grouped in certain spots of the orchards. This may indicate the activity of a not very mobile vector. It can be concluded that planting of Florina, Prima and Priscilla should be discouraged in areas where AP is a problem, particularly when organic farming regimes are being applied.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11390/877078
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